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What were the characteristics of imperialism in India?

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British imperialism in India was economically exploitative. Cheap imported goods from the mother country saturated the domestic market, making it impossible for Indian manufacturers to compete, forcing many of them out of business. India, like all parts of the Empire, was run for the economic benefit of the British, not for the indigenous people. In due course, the deliberate ruination of domestic industry would come back to haunt the British as the Indian independence movement staged a mass boycott of British goods.

Another characteristic of imperialism in India was its suppression of indigenous culture. The British believed themselves racial superior to the Indians, and felt that this entitled them to "civilize" the natives by imposing their culture upon them. This took numerous forms, including a full-scale codification of the legal system—which did away with thousands of years of local customs and traditions—and a fundamental reorganization of property relations on British lines, ensuring greater security in the ownership of land.

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