Historical Context

France: The Third Republic
The Immoralist takes place in France, Europe, and North Africa during the 1890s. Michel’s...

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Literary Style

The Immoralist was first published in 1902 without a preface. However, in later editions of the novel, Gide included...

(The entire section is 635 words.)

Bibliography and Further Reading

Cordle, Thomas, André Gide, Updated Edition, Twayne, 1993, pp. 67, 69, 71–72.

Gide, André, The Immoralist, translated by David Watson, Penguin Books, 2000, pp. 15, 34, 45, 47, 50, 69, 89, 95, 97, 98, 111, 114, 115.

—, The Immoralist, translated by Richard Howard, Alfred A. Knopf, 1970.

Guerard, Albert J., André Gide, Harvard University Press, 1951, p. 106.

Sheridan, Alan, “Introduction,” in The Immoralist, by André Gide, translated by David Watson, Penguin Books, 2000, p. x.

Further Reading
Ahmida, Ali Abdulolatif, ed., Beyond Colonialism and Nationalism in the Maghrib: History, Culture,...

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(Great Characters in Literature)

Ames, Van Meter. André Gide, 1947.

Brennan, Joseph Gerard. Three Philosophical Novelists: James Joyce, André Gide, Thomas Mann, 1964.

Cordle, Thomas. André Gide, 1969.

Fowlie, Wallace. André Gide: His Life and Art, 1965.

Ireland, George William. André Gide: A Study of His Creative Writings, 1970.

Mann, Klaus. André Gide and the Crisis of Modern Thought, 1943.

O’Brien, Justin. Portrait of André Gide: A Critical Biography, 1953.


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Compare and Contrast

1890s: The French government is in the era of the Third Republic, under the Constitution of 1875. France is a parliamentary democracy...

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Topics for Further Study

The region of North Africa includes the modern nations of Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, and Liberia. Research and report on the political,...

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Media Adaptations

The Immoralist was adapted as a play written by Ruth Goetz and Augustus Goetz, first staged on Broadway in 1954. This production...

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What Do I Read Next?

Gide’s short novel La Porte étroite (1909, Strait is the Gate) is written in the mode of the récit, which Gide identified...

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