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Last Updated on May 5, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 1084

Michel, the narrator, recounts his life to three friends. Michel is an archaeologist like his father, with whom he has worked and has lived an isolated life of research. His father treats him as an intellectual equal, and Michel is well accepted in the world of archaeology. Although his father is an atheist, Michel received a Huguenot religious upbringing from his mother, who died when he was young.

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Michel’s father is dying and is anxious about leaving Michel alone. To please his father, Michel enters into an arranged marriage with Marceline. Their families have been acquainted for a long time; Michel has little interest in Marceline and simply accepts her. Although Marceline, an orphan, brings virtually nothing to the marriage, Michel’s inheritance from his father is substantial. The couple goes to Algeria on a honeymoon. Preoccupied by his father’s death and his archaeological investigations, Michel is scarcely aware of Marceline’s existence. On the boat from Marseille, he suddenly becomes aware of her beauty. He begins talking with her and realizes that she is intelligent. That night, he awakens with the thought that she actually exists and has a life of her own.

The newlyweds land at Tunis and set out for Biskra. While crossing the desert, Michel begins to vomit blood. He keeps the situation to himself for a while, but finally, unable to endure his condition alone, he tells Marceline about it. Marceline turns pale and faints. She revives and assumes her role of caretaker for her husband.

Michel has tuberculosis. At first, he is unconcerned about dying; then, as his health returns slowly, he develops an obsession with living. He begins to recall sensations from his childhood. Marceline tells him he cannot get well by himself and recommends that he pray. Michel refuses, explaining that he does not want to owe God anything. He tells Marceline that she will help him heal. Michel becomes totally occupied with his body and anything that is healthy. He rejects anything that does not contribute to health. He takes walks and eats heartily.

Marceline begins to bring young Arab boys whom she has befriended to see Michel. First Bachir comes, then Ashour, and finally Moktir. Marceline is interested in the sickly children. Michel finds the sickly ones disgusting and wishes to have only the healthy ones with him. He is particularly attracted to the dishonest, rebellious Moktir. When Michel and Moktir are alone in the room, Moktir steals Marceline’s scissors. Michel sees him take the scissors but says nothing. He is fascinated both by the physical appearance of Moktir—healthy, young, and strong—and by his personality—rebellious, dishonest, and disreputable.

Although Marceline continues to show concern and attentive care for Michel, he increasingly prefers to be away from her, to experience and to discover alone. Michel finds more and more sensual pleasures to enjoy. He delights in the golden skin of the boys, the sun’s warmth, the shade and luxuriant foliage of the gardens. He becomes steadily stronger and healthier.

Michel and Marceline leave Biskra for Italy, where Michel has a fight with a drunken coach driver. That night, he has sexual relations with Marceline for the first time. He becomes fascinated with his own body and engages in nude sunbathing. He develops an undressing ritual.

The couple returns to Michel’s country estate, La Morinière, in Normandy, where Michel believes his health will be totally restored. At La Morinière, he becomes involved in all aspects of the farm, consults with the overseer, Bocage, meets his son Charles, becomes friends with Charles, and becomes involved with increasing the farm’s productivity. He spends his time outdoors, riding and participating in farming activities. This life is the polar opposite of the bookish life he led...

(The entire section contains 2159 words.)

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