Last Updated on July 29, 2019, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 487
- The Odyssey is the other epic poem credited to Homer and was probably written some time after the Iliad. It describes the 10 years of Odysseus’s wandering, trying to get home after the Trojan War has ended, and events in his absence from his home in Ithaca.
- Edith Hamilton’s Mythology (Mentor, 1942) is an excellent (and fun) basic introduction to Greek and Roman mythology, and includes a section on the Trojan War. Her treatment of the Norse myths is a little sketchy, but nevertheless interesting and engaging.
- The Aeneid of Vergil (70-19 BC) is an epic poem in Latin that describes the wanderings of Aeneas and his group of Trojan and allied refugees following the fall of Troy. After many stops along the way (including a visit to the underworld), Aeneas and his people land in Italy and settle not far from the city that will eventually become Rome.
- The Oresteia is a cycle of three tragic plays (Agamemnon, Choephori (The Libation-Bearers,) and Eumenides) by Aeschylus (525-456 BC), produced in Athens in 458 BC. It describes the events surrounding the homecoming of Agamemnon at the end of the Trojan War, and subsequent troubles those events cause his household.
- Both Sophocles (496-406 BC) and Euripides (ca. 480-406 BC) also wrote tragedies that draw from the myths about the Trojan War. Excellent translations can be found in The Complete Greek Tragedies, edited by David Grene and Richmond Lattimore for the University of Chicago Press. Two of Sophocles’ plays are relevant, and both are contained in the second volume of his plays in the Grene/Lattimore series. They are Ajax, whose date is uncertain, and the Philoctetes, produced in 409 BC.
- Euripides wrote at least seven plays that include characters or events from the Trojan War. Volume II of his plays in the Grene/Lattimore series contains both the Helen (412 BC) and the undated Iphigeneia in Tauris. Volume in contains The Trojan Women (415 BC) and two undated plays, Andromache and Hecuba. Volume IV has both the Orestes (408 BC) and the posthumously produced Iphigeneia at Aulis (405 BC, possibly containing some material by Euripides’s son).
- For some modern fictional treatments of the Trojan War, see Marion Zimmer Bradley’s 1987 novel Firebrand, which tells the story from the perspective of Cassandra, Priam’s ill-fated prophetic daughter; and British author Rex Warner’s 1996 book Greeks and Trojans, based mainly on the Iliad.
- Michael Wood’s book In Search of the Trojan War, a 1986 companion volume to the 1985 BBC television series of the same name, is an excellent overview of the history (and some of the controversies and problems involved in our understanding of that history) behind the Trojan War as it has come down to us in Homer’s work and elsewhere.
- David A. Traill’s Schliemann of Troy: Treasure and Deceit (1995), is a recent critical biography of the German businessman/archaeologist who discovered and excavated the sites of Troy, Mycenae, and Tiryns, among others.
Unlock This Study Guide Now
Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now.
- 30,000+ book summaries
- 20% study tools discount
- Ad-free content
- PDF downloads
- 300,000+ answers
- 5-star customer support