Sample Essay Outlines
The gods are discussed in the Iliad nearly as much as the mortals, and their actions are vital to the plot. Analyze the role of the gods throughout the work using specific examples to support your conclusions.
I. Thesis Statement: The gods in the Iliad serve as the instruments of fate, stepping into the mortal arena when necessary to insure that fate’s purposes are served.
II. The nature of fate as seen in the Iliad
A. Zeus’ scales of fate
B. Actions with inevitable consequences
C. Danger of overstepping fate
III. The gods’ interaction with men
A. Gods sent as messengers to mortals to influence decisions
B. Revelations of fate to mortals by gods
C. Whisking of warriors away from danger
IV. Limitations put on the gods by fate
A. The desires of the gods that are sometimes in conflict with fate
B. Gods deceiving and defying Zeus, and the consequences
Achilleus, Agamemnon, and Hektor each represent different values. Compare and contrast the motivations of each warrior, discussing how their point of reference determines their actions.
I. Thesis Statement: While every character in the Iliad is bound by the heroic code, the motivations behind their actions are very different. Achilleus, Agamemnon, and Hektor each represent different value systems and world views.
II. The heroic code as seen in the Iliad
A. The bond of friendship
B. The customs of hospitality
C. The concept of loyalty and courage in battle
III. The motivations of Agamemnon
A. Position as leader of the Achaian forces and fierce, unfeeling warrior
B. Loyalty to his brother Menelaos
C. Power struggles and skirmish with Achilleus
D. Offers of reconciliation and when they are made
IV. The motivations of Achilleus
A. Position as greatest of the Achaian warriors
B. Loyalty to...
(The entire section is 460 words.)