Iliad Book 10 Summary and Analysis

Homer

Book 10 Summary and Analysis

New Characters
Dolon: Trojan warrior who agrees to spy on the Achaians in return for treasure

Rhesos: King of the Thracians, killed on a spy mission by Diomedes

Summary
The seriousness of the Achaian situation keeps Agamemnon from sleeping. He rises and gathers the leaders of the Achaian forces together to discuss strategy. They decide to send spies into the Trojan camps to see what they can learn of the Trojan battle plans. Diomedes offers to go if he can bring a companion for security. Odysseus is chosen and they go, fully armed.

On the way, they encounter Dolon, a Trojan soldier sent out to spy on the Achaians. After initially letting him pass, they chase him down and capture him. Dolon is terrified and quickly confesses his mission. He also reveals the location of Hektor, the type of guards set up by the Trojans, the positions of various fighting units, and the sleeping area of a newly arrived and unprotected force from Thrace. As Dolan attempts to plead for mercy, Diomedes kills him with his sword and takes his clothes and weapon. These spoils are offered as gifts to Athene.

Diomedes and Odysseus then head for the Thracian camp and kill 12 sleeping Thracians. The thirteenth man killed is the Thracian king, Rhesos, owner of a splendid team of horses. The Achaians then release the horses and escape with them, heading back to their ships. When they return with their...

(The entire section is 563 words.)