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Kipling's poem "If" makes a number of seemingly contradictory statements, and readers might very well be confused by them long before finishing the poem. The key to those statements can be found in the poem's closing lines.

Yours is the Earth and everything that’s in it,
And—which is more—you’ll be a Man, my son!
The poem is trying to teach a life lesson, and the contradictory statements are a part of that lesson. The speaker is saying that if "you" can do this one thing while doing something seemingly opposite, then you will be a man and find success all throughout life. I feel that a line from the second stanza illustrates this idea quite well.
If you can meet with Triumph and Disaster And treat those two impostors just the same;
These lines are stressing the importance of having the same attitude about winning and losing. Do not let either define you or let either go to your head. Be gracious about losing and winning in the same way. If you can do that, then you will be a man and inherit the Earth. If you can dream big without only dreaming, then you can be a great man. I think a big part of these contradictory messages is that they stress the importance of not being defined by a single thing. They also stress the importance of leading a life full of various experiences in order to become a well-rounded individual.
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Rudyard Kipling makes a number of seemingly paradoxical statements in his famous poem "If."  For example, Kipling advises:

a) If you can dream - and not make dreams your master;
If you can think - and not make thoughts your aim;

b)  If all men count with you, but none too much.

Does Kipling think that dreams and thoughts are or are not important?  Do men "count," or not?

I think that Kipling is telling us that we must develop the virtue of balance.  Dreams and thoughts should be important, but we must balance them with the proper dose of practicality.  What other people think and do is important--we should not ignore them; but we should not allow ourselves to be controlled by what other people think and do.

In philosophy, this idea is called "The Golden Mean"; the idea dates back at least to Aristotle.  See the link below.

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