Malala consistently challenges the traditional Pashtun code of conduct for women as well as the Taliban's strictures on feminine agency. It can be argued that I Am Malala is a feminist bildungsroman. Malala's upbringing was unusual in that her parents allowed her to attend school, where she received a broad liberal arts education. Throughout her formative years, she was exposed to both Western and Eastern literature, philosophy, and science. Because of her progressive upbringing, Malala harbors decidedly liberal views about women's rights. This puts her at odds with the Taliban, a militant group that advocates purdah (a life of seclusion) for all women and girls. In the book, Malala consistently exposes the Taliban's abuses against women.
During General Zia's regime, a woman's evidence in court counted for only half of a man's. Additionally, women or girls who could not produce four male witnesses to substantiate rape claims were sent to jail for adultery. These rape victims were labeled kari (adulteress), and many also became the victims of honor killings at the hands of family and community members. During the Taliban occupation in the Swat Valley, many women were flogged, tortured, and murdered for failing to meet the extremist group's rigid expectations of women.
Yet, the stories of Benazir Bhutto and Malala reinforce the significance of women's rights in Pakistan's struggle for religious and political freedom. The extremist ideology promotes the persecution and victimization of women; where such an ideology dominates, there can be no true freedom. In the words of Mohammad Ali Jinnah, "No struggle can ever succeed without women participating side by side with men." While Benazir's senseless death and Malala's shooting highlight the suffering women endure when they speak up, the courage exhibited by both women makes them role models for Pakistan’s women. Essentially, the theme of women's rights exposes the true human holocaust that is the direct result of the Taliban’s reign of terror.
Courage in the Face of Adversity
In the book, Malala, Toor Pekai, and Ziauddin...
(The entire section is 1156 words.)