Edward Gibbon (essay date 1788)
SOURCE: "Nestorius, Patriarch of Constantinople" in The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, John Murray, 1872, pp. 14-5.
[In the following excerpt from a work originally published in 1788, Gibbon fixes the responsibility for Hypatia's death on Cyril of Alexandria, charging that the bishop used her as a scapegoat to resolve a breach between church and state.]
… Hypatia, the daughter of Theon the mathematician,25 was initiated in her father's studies; her learned comments have elucidated the geometry of Apollonius and Diophantus; and she publicly taught, both at Athens and Alexandria, the philosophy of Plato and Aristotle. In the...
(The entire section is 441 words.)