Huldrych Zwingli Criticism - Essay

Charles Beard (essay date 1883)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: "The Reformation in Switzerland," in The Reformation of the 16th Century: In Its Relation to Modern Thought and Knowledge, 1883. Reprint by The University of Michigan Press, 1962, pp. 225–61.

[In the following excerpt from his important study of the Reformation, Beard analyzes the Reformation in Switzerland, comparing the ideas of Zwingli with those of Calvin.]

The history of Swiss Protestantism is peculiar in the fact that it follows a double line of development. It boasts two names of the first rank, Zwingli and Calvin: it had two centres, Zürich and Geneva. And it is obvious to remark that one of these is German, the other French; that standing in close...

(The entire section is 9914 words.)

Frank Hugh Foster (essay date 1903)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: "Zwingli's Theology, Philosophy, and Ethics," in Huldreich Zwingli: The Reformer of German Switzerland, 1484–1531, edited by Samuel Macauley Jackson, revised edition, G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1903, pp. 365–401.

[In this essay, Foster gives an overview and explanation of the main precepts of Zwingli's theology.]

The Protestant Reformation rendered two separate and great services in the realm of thought to its age and to the world. One of these was in the protest which it delivered against the Roman doctrinal system; and the other was in its positive contribution to the enrichment and development of Christian theology. The Roman idea of human merit and its...

(The entire section is 9853 words.)

Karl Barth (essay date 1922)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: "Calvin, Luther, and Zwingli," in The Theology of John Calvin, translated by Geoffrey W. Bromiley, William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1995, pp. 69–128.

[In this excerpt from his noted study of Calvin, originally published in 1922, Barth discusses Zwingli's thought in relation to that of both Calvin and Luther.]

In taking Calvin as the specifically and typically Reformed reformer as distinct from Luther, what I have in mind is that because of Zwingli's early death we have only Calvin's and not Zwingli's Reformed theology before us in developed systematic form, and it was Calvin, not Zwingli, who in large part left his imprint on the Reformed world. For a...

(The entire section is 5579 words.)

Charles Garside, Jr. (essay date 1966)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: "The Answer to Valentin Compar," in Zwingli and the Arts, Yale University Press, 1966, pp. 161–78.

[In this excerpt, Garside analyzes Zwingli's rationale for his rejection of ecclesiastical and liturgical images and music.]

(The entire section is 7513 words.)

Robert C. Walton (essay date 1967)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: "The Influence of Mediaeval and Humanist Traditions upon Zwingli's View of Society," in Zwingli's Theocracy, University of Toronto Press, 1967, pp. 17–29.

[In this excerpt from his book on Zwingli's ideas on theocracy, Walton explains the influence of humanist traditions on Zwingli's thought.]

Even if the local traditions which zwingli accepted had not allowed the magistrate an important place in ecclesiastical affairs, the intellectual tradition which molded his thought would have led him to demand it. As it was, the ideas he brought to Zurich fitted the state of affairs in the city remarkably well. For example, his belief that the acquisition of secular...

(The entire section is 5630 words.)

Heiko A. Oberman (lecture date 1984)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: "Zwingli's Reformation Between Sucess and Failure," in The Reformation: Roots and Ramifications, translated by Andrew Colin Gow, T & T Clark, 1994, pp. 183–99.

[In this essay, originally delivered as a lecture in 1984, Oberman discusses Zwingli's contributions to the Reformation in the political and social context of sixteenth-century Switzerland.]


Is Zwingli's Reformation anything more than an episode between Luther and Calvin? To claim that it had a world-wide or even a European influence seems presumptuous in the light of recent Reformation history, which assigns Zwingli's Zurich to the 'city...

(The entire section is 6489 words.)

W. P. Stephens (essay date 1992)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: "Zwingli: Theologian and Reformer," in Zwingli: An Introduction to His Thought, Oxford at the Clarendon Press, 1992, pp. 138–48.

[In the following excerpt, Stephens offers an introduction to Zwingli's thinking as a theologian and reformer.]

Zwingli's theology has many characteristic marks, of which the two most notable are that it is biblical and centred in God. They are not separate, but are intimately related, for the Bible is God's word and not man's and it points to faith in God and not in man.

A Biblical Theologian

The statue of Zwingli by the Wasserkirche in Zurich portrays him with the sword held by the left...

(The entire section is 3895 words.)