Hugo von Hofmannsthal Analysis

Other Literary Forms

(Critical Edition of Dramatic Literature)

In addition to drama, Hugo von Hofmannsthal’s works include several novellas, a large number of poems, and essays on literary, philosophical, and political topics, as well as translations into German of Greek, French, and Spanish dramas. Autobiographical reflections, including the crucial self-interpretation entitled Ad me ipsum (1930), as well as Hofmannsthal’s extensive correspondence, fictitious letters, and fictitious dialogues, are published in the fifteen-volume Gesammelte Werke in Einzelausgaben (1945-1959).


(Critical Edition of Dramatic Literature)

The name Hugo von Hofmannsthal means many things to many people. Some see his achievement primarily in the depth of his philosophical poems and in the formal perfection of those poems. Others know him as the cofounder (with Max Reinhardt) of the Salzburg Festival , for which he created Everyman, a modern version of the old morality play, and The Salzburg Great Theatre of the World. Many music lovers know only Hofmannsthal the librettist, who wrote the texts for Richard Strauss’s operas The Cavalier of the Rose, Arabella, and several others. Still others appreciate primarily his comic genius, both as an original playwright and as an adapter of comedies by Molière and Pedro Calderón de la Barca. The truth is that Hofmannsthal excelled in all the above mentioned literary spheres and was one of the foremost poets and dramatists of the twentieth century.


(Critical Edition of Dramatic Literature)

Bangerter, Lowell A. Hugo von Hofmannsthal. New York: F. Ungar, 1977. A critical analysis of selected works by Hofmannsthal. Includes an index and a bibliography.

Beniston, Judith. Welttheater: Hofmannsthal, Richard von Kralik, and the Revival of Catholic Drama in Austria, 1890-1934. Leeds, England: W. S. Maney, 1998. This study of Catholic drama in Austria compares and contrasts the works of Hofmannsthal and Richard von Kralik. Bibliography and index.

Bennett, Benjamin. Hugo von Hofmannsthal: The Theaters of Consciousness. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1988. A critical analysis and interpretation of Hofmannsthal’s literary works. Bibliography and index.

Broch, Hermann and Michael P. Steinberg, trans. Hugo von Hofmannsthal and His Time: The European Imagination, 1860-1920. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984.

Del Caro, Adrian. Hugo von Hofmannsthal: Poets and the Language of Life. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1993. Del Caro argues that Hofmannsthal was an early opponent of aestheticism and was an heir of Friedrich Nietzsche in his search for a legitimate source for values. Includes bibliographical references and index.

Hammelmann, Hanns A. Hugo von Hofmannsthal. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press,...

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