The House on Mango Street by Sandra Cisneros

The House on Mango Street book cover
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Part I Summary: The House on Mango Street, Hairs, and Boys & Girls

New Characters:

Esperanza Cordero: the narrator of the novel

Nenny (Magdalena): Esperanza’s younger sister

Mama: Esperanza’s mother

Papa: Esperanza’s father

Carlos: Esperanza’s younger brother

Kiki: Esperanza’s youngest brother

Nun: a nun from Esperanza’s school

The House on Mango Street

Esperanza and her family have just moved to a house on Mango Street. They have lived on a number of different streets in the past, and Esperanza names as many of them as she can remember. What she remembers most, however, is moving around a lot.

This is the first house the Corderos own. Esperanza is glad that there is no landlord and that they don’t have to share the backyard, but the house on Mango Street is a disappointment—it’s not the kind of house she wanted.

They moved to Mango Street because the water pipes broke in their previous apartment, a run-down flat on Loomis Street, and the landlord refused to fix them. Esperanza had expected the house on Mango Street to be a “real” house: a house like the ones she’d seen on TV, the kind her mother described in bedtime stories. The house on Mango Street, however, is small, cramped, and crumbling.

Once, when the Corderos lived on Loomis Street, a nun from Esperanza’s school saw her playing in front of their flat. The nun asked Esperanza where she lived, and when Esperanza pointed to the third floor of the building behind her, the nun made Esperanza feel ashamed that she lived “there.” Esperanza vowed then that someday she would live in a house that she “could point to.” Her parents say that the house on Mango Street is temporary, but Esperanza knows “how those things go.”

Hairs

Esperanza describes how everyone in her family has different hair. Her favorite is her mother’s hair, which smells like bread and makes Esperanza feel safe and warm.

Boys & Girls

To Esperanza, boys and girls seem to live in two completely different worlds. She notices that her brothers are best friends with each other and regrets that she’s not best friends with Nenny, who, she says, is too young to be her friend. Instead, Esperanza feels Nenny is her “responsibility.” In the meantime, Esperanza dreams of having her own best friend.

Analysis

The main conflict in “The House on Mango Street” is the clash between Esperanza’s dream—the “American Dream” of owning a spacious, private, and secure house like the ones Esperanza sees on TV—and her Mango Street reality. Esperanza is forced to realize that she does not belong to the race or class of people who live in such houses. But Esperanza does not want to believe that she belongs in the house on Mango Street.

Esperanza is clearly aware of the poverty that forces the Corderos to keep moving from place to run-down place. It is also possible, if not likely, that their landlord on Loomis Street refused to fix the pipes not because the building was too old but because he wanted the Chicanos out of his building. To achieve their dream, the Corderos must struggle...

(The entire section is 1,163 words.)