Historical Context

Meryl Streep as Clarissa Vaughan in the 2002 film version of The Hours Published by Gale Cengage

Mrs. Dalloway

In the Woolf section of The Hours, Cunningham notes that Virginia considered London to be the...

(The entire section is 590 words.)

Literary Style

Literary Allusions

A literary allusion is a reference in one work to other works of literature. Cunningham's...

(The entire section is 278 words.)

Bibliography and Further Reading


Bush, Trudy, Review of The Hours, in Christian Century, September 22-29, 1999, p. 886.


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(Critical Survey of Literature for Students)

Bahr, David. “The Difference a Day Makes: After Hours with Michael Cunningham.” Poets and Writers 27, no. 4 (July/August, 1999): 18-23. Bahr discusses the response to Cunningham’s novel by the public as well as by scholars of Virginia Woolf.

Baker, Charles R. “Michael Cunningham.” In American Writers: A Collection of Literary Biographies, edited by Jay Parini. New York: Scribner’s, 2006. This source presents readers with important biographical information on Cunningham and includes discussion of The Hours. See supplement 15.

Hughes, Mary Joe. “Michael Cunningham’s The Hours and Postmodern Artistic Re-Presentation.”...

(The entire section is 287 words.)

Topics for Further Study

  • Some critics have found Cunningham's portrayal of Virginia Woolf to be unnecessarily bleak. Read a biography of Woolf and write an essay...

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Media Adaptations

  • A celebrated film version of The Hours was produced in 2002 by Miramax and Paramount, directed by Stephen Daldry and starring Meryl...

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What Do I Read Next?

  • Virginia Woolf's novel Mrs. Dalloway, published in 1925, addresses similar themes involving life, death, and creativity.
  • ...

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