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Last Updated on September 25, 2019, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 637

Hope and the Immigrant Experience

The novel's four main characters risk the journey for different reasons, but it is the hope for a better life that motivates them all to take action. They may not know exactly what they will find, but their hope for a brighter future keeps them going; they refuse to remain stagnant in their current unfavorable circumstances.

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Murad and Aziz are underemployed young men who are trying to find a more financially secure path in life. It is the hope for better job opportunities that drives them to risk crossing illegally into Spain.

Halima is a homemaker with three children whose dream of a better life means no longer being subjected to physical violence by her alcoholic husband; she wants to escape the slums of Casablanca with her children. When her efforts to improve the situation fail, she comes up with a daring plan to leave the country. So great is her desire for a higher quality of life that she risks not only her own life, but those of her children.

Faten is driven away from Morocco by social circumstances that have made it difficult for her to remain there. As a woman with strict religious views and customs, her influence on the daughter of an influential bureaucrat is unwelcome, and he ruins her scholastic and legal standing. She so desperately wants to escape this disaster that she leaves everything behind. Faten is motivated by her belief that life in Spain will be an improvement, even though there is no way to know this for sure.

The Necessity of Courage

The four central characters, and the others who join them on the treacherous journey to Spain, are not the only people in Morocco who wish for a better life; however, they were brave enough to get onto the boat, leaving everything they knew behind in search of a more stable future. This requires a great deal of courage—and even more so under such risky circumstances. Courage is what makes it possible for the characters to risk the crossing and face the unknown rather than resign themselves to misery.

Furthermore, it requires great courage for Halima and Murad to return to their home country after they discover that life in Spain isn’t what they wanted after all. Rather than admitting defeat, these two characters bravely travel back to Morocco and build better lives for themselves with the resources available to them.

Disillusionment versus Contentment

While the...

(The entire section contains 637 words.)

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