What is the problem and solution in the book Hoot?

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Carl Hiaasen's novel Hootaddresses the problems of bullying as well as environmental destruction. The main problem that is woven throughout the novel is the problem of the burrowing owls that are endangered by the construction of a new restaurant. 

The novel's main character, Roy Eberhardt, has moved...

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multiple times in his life due to his father's job and is living in Coconut Cove, Florida when the novel opens. No stranger to bullies, Roy encounters another on his first bus trip to Trace Middle School—one Dana Matherson. What is different about this bullying experience is that while Dana is smashing Roy's face against the window, Roy notices something odd. He sees a boy about his own age running down the street with no shoes. Roy becomes very curious about the boy, and this curiosity frames the whole novel and causes him to meet Beatrice the Bear Leep, stepsister to Napoleon Leep, the mysterious running boy. He also discovers that Napoleon, better known as Mullet Fingers, is responsible for some vandalism at a construction site of a new Mother Paula's Pancake House. Construction has been halted several times due to survey stakes being pulled up, alligators in the port-a-potties, and snakes placed on the site to scare away the guard dogs. Roy learns that Mullet Fingers is behind all this because he wants to save the burrowing owls on the property. Mullet Fingers is a homeless boy who cares deeply about animals and nature.

Roy gets involved in Mullet Fingers's quest to save the owls, but he does not agree with his new friend's illegal methods. He seeks to find a legal solution to the problem of the burrowing owls. With the help of his father and police officer David Delinko, they discover that Chuck Muckle, the vice-president of the company in charge of constructing the new restaurant, hid the environmental report that stated that the protected owls were on the property.

Roy, Beatrice, and Mullet Fingers let their classmates know about the owls at the ground-breaking ceremony. Roy tried to let the crowd know about the owls by providing pictures, but the pictures came out too fuzzy to identify the owls. Mullet Fingers puts himself inside one of the owl dens and refuses to move so that the construction cannot commence. Students begin joining hands and singing "This Land is Your Land" which causes a publicity nightmare for Chuck Muckle.

Roy's father helps out by locating the environmental impact report that Roy tried to find, but was unable to locate:

"'What is it, Dad?' Roy opened the folder and broke into a grin. 'It's the file from City Hall, isn't it?'

'A copy,' said his father, 'that's correct.'

'The one with all the Mother Paula's stuff. I tried to find it but it wasn't there,' Roy said. 'Now I know why."

The work of Roy and his father halts construction on the site and saves the owls, which is how the main problem of the novel is solved. As for Dana, he continues to try to bully Roy until he encounters Roy's newest ally, Beatrice Leep. She intercepts Dana when he is looking for Roy, strips him to his underwear and ties him to the flagpole.

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There are multiple conflicts in the book "Hoot."  The most immediate conflict to the main character, Roy, is the school bully.  That guy's name is Dana Matherson.  He is relentless in his pursuit of making Roy's life miserable.  Roy's solution is a clever one.  Roy actually manages to frame Dana for all of the vandalism that is happening to the construction site nearby.  Dana goes to juvenile hall and is not seen again. That makes it seem like Roy is just as mean (but more clever), but it really is hard to feel sorry for Dana.  He is just that much of a jerk. 

The other conflict involves the construction site that I mentioned earlier.  The empty lot is the site for a new All American Pancake house.  The problem is that the site is also home to some burrowing owls.  The construction will kill the owls, but the owner and foreman are pretending to not know about the owls.  Roy, Mullet-Fingers, and Beatrice make it their mission to stop the construction project and bring awareness to the owls.  Long story short, the construction project is found to be illegal because of the presence of the owls.  The project is shut down, the owls are left alone, and everybody rejoices.  Well, everybody except Dana. 

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What are the main problems and solutions for each chapter of Hoot?

I will provide answers for Chapters 1-18.

Chapter One: There are three main problems in this chapter. The first one involves Roy's relationship with Dana Matherson, the school bully. The second one involves the vandalism at the construction site of a future Mother Paula's Pancake House. The third one involves the unknown identity of the running boy. The author presents answers to these problems in later chapters.

Chapter Two: In this chapter, the main problem involves Roy and Ms. Viola Hennepin's conflicting perceptions of self-defense. The conflict is resolved temporarily, with Roy suspended from the school bus for two weeks and required to write a letter of apology to Dana. A minor problem in this chapter involves the unknown identity of the tall girl with the red-framed glasses.

Chapter Three: In this chapter, a major problem is the lack of leads the police department in Coconut Cove have in their pursuit of the vandal suspects. A minor problem involves Mr. and Mrs. Eberhardt's disagreement on how Roy should craft his letter of apology to Dana. The vandals are not found in this chapter, but Roy's father supports Roy's tone in his letter to Dana.

Chapter Four: In this chapter, the main problem is the occurrence of more vandalism at the construction site under Officer Delinko's watch. However, the tall girl with red glasses is revealed as one Beatrice Leep, a soccer player.

Chapter Five: In this chapter, the main problem involves the identity of the running boy and his connection to the recent events at the construction site. Roy discovers a bag full of cottonmouth snakes at the boy's campsite but does not know why they are there. The mystery is only partly solved in this chapter: We discover that the running boy is nicknamed Mullet Fingers, but we don't know how he is relevant to the story.

Chapter Six: In this chapter, the main problems involve Officer Delinko's incompetence on the job and Beatrice's connection to Mullet Fingers. Because Officer Delinko fell asleep during his shift at the construction site, the police chief confines him to desk duty for a month. Meanwhile, Roy's efforts to track down Mullet Fingers and to figure out his connection to Beatrice fail.

Chapter Seven: In this chapter, the main problem still involves the recent acts of vandalism at the construction site. Meanwhile, the mystery surrounding Beatrice's connection to Mullet Fingers is solved when Beatrice confesses to Roy that Mullet Fingers is her step-brother.

Chapter Eight: In this chapter, the main problem continues to revolve around the vandalism incidents at the construction site. By orders of Chuck Muckle, the Vice-President of Corporate Relations, Curly (the foreman) hires a dog trainer's four Rottweilers to protect the site. This short-term solution partially solves the problem, but the identity of the vandals is still a mystery. Meanwhile, there is an indication that the conflict between Roy and Dana will soon be resolved.

Chapter Nine: In this chapter, the main problems involve continued acts of vandalism at the construction site (someone released poisonous snakes inside the chain-link fence, spooking the Rottweilers) and Roy suffering continued assaults from Dana.

Chapter Ten: In this chapter, two problems are solved, one temporarily. Beatrice pulls Dana off Roy in the janitor's closet, strips Dana to his underwear, and proceeds to tie him to a flag pole on the school grounds. Essentially, Beatrice becomes Roy's protector. In another development, we discover how Mullet Fingers is relevant to the story. He is revealed to be responsible for the acts of sabotage, in efforts to save the burrowing owls from being decimated by continued development at the construction site.

Chapter Eleven: In this chapter, the main problem revolves around the difficulty of catching the vandal. As a solution, Curly decides to spend the night in a trailer on the grounds of the construction site.

Chapter Twelve: In this chapter, the main problem involves how Mullet Fingers will treat the injuries he sustains after he gets bitten by one of the Rottweilers. Beatrice and Roy accompany Mullet Fingers to the emergency room, but he later escapes.

Chapter Thirteen: In this chapter, the main problem revolves around Roy and his parents' conflicting views about saving the owls at the construction site. In the end, the conflict is resolved with Roy's parents voicing confidence in his judgment about the matter.

Chapter Fourteen: In this chapter, the main problems are Dana's continued assaults on Roy and Mullet Finger's ultimatum for Roy. Mullet Fingers refuses to divulge his immediate plans for further acts of sabotage at the construction site; instead, he challenges Roy to join him. For the first problem, Roy tries to negotiate with Dana, but to no avail. For the second, although the author doesn't reveal Roy's decision about joining Mullet Fingers in his exploits, we suspect that Roy won't stop his friend.

Chapter Fifteen: In this chapter, the main problem revolves around how Roy will support his friend in his endeavors. Roy decides against joining Mullet Fingers in his plans for further sabotage; however, he manages to come up with an ingenious plan to protect his friend. Roy lures Dana to Curly's trailer with a lie that a stash of cigarettes waits for him there. Dana enters Curly's trailer and is attacked by Curly. By the end of the chapter, Dana is arrested by Officer Delinko, as the officer and Curly remain convinced that Dana is the vandal.

Chapter Sixteen: In this chapter, the main problem rests on how Roy will help to save the owls. In the meantime, the problem of Dana's bullying is resolved: Dana will be in prison for a while, due to his actions at the construction site. Roy checks up on Mother Paula's construction permits and teams up with Beatrice to help Mullet Fingers save the owls.

Chapter Seventeen: In this chapter, the main problem is how the police will catch the actual perpetrator of the acts of sabotage. For political purposes, Dana becomes the official culprit, while Officer Delinko is assigned to investigative work.

Chapter Eighteen: In this chapter, the problem revolves around how Roy will stop Mother Paula from continuing the construction project. As a solution, Roy enlists the help of his classmates and teacher, Mr. Ryan. He informs them that the owls are an endangered species and that it is illegal for Mother Paula to be building on the site.

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