The Home and the World Themes
The Home and the World is an autobiographical novel by Rabindranath Tagore written in the early 20th century, and it’s focused on at least two major themes: namely, religion and nationalism. Another way of looking at the book and its themes is that they show the tension between India’s past and its future. The two main characters are Nikhil, who has a more logical mindset and is against violence, and Sandip, who is focused on a free India at all costs. These two characters embody the conflict between these two ideas.
Sandip gets involved with the Swadeshi movement, which was an Indian nationalist movement focused on breaking ties with the British Empire and becoming independent. In the book, Sandip is willing to do anything to help achieve the Swadeshi goals, including the use of violence. This is another important theme in the book: violence versus pacifism.
In general, Sandip wants to keep products from outside of India from being sold to Indians, whereas Nikhil doesn’t want to force this mindset onto others. So, here we have another theme: harmony versus authoritarianism.