What Happens in "Home"?

“Home” is one of Chekhov’s most famous short stories. It depicts a warm father-son relationship and the power of imagination and storytelling.

  • Yevgeny Petrovitch Bykovsky is one of the main characters of Chekhov’s “Home.” He is a circuit court prosecutor and the single father of Seryozha. Much of the story is narrated from his perspective, revealing his pragmatic and methodical mindset.
  • Seryozha is Yevgeny’s seven-year-old son who takes up smoking. He is described as a young and innocent boy, who contrasts his father’s logical and austere personality with his vivid imagination, sensitive nature, and short attention span.

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Author and playwright Anton Chekov (1860-1904) began freelancing as a journalist and writer of short fiction for additional income while completing medical school. As his short stories solidified his position as an emerging new talent, he focused less on practicing medicine and more on his writing career. A year after “Home” was published in 1887, Chekov won the coveted Pushkin Prize for his collection At Dusk (1888).

Chekov’s short stories often examine the human condition through realistic portrayals of everyday life. “Home” is set in a Russian household at the end of the 19th century and explores the relationship between a father and son. The story centers on a scene in which the narrator, Yevgeny, must convince his only son Seryozha of the dangers of smoking.


At the beginning of the story, Yevgeny comes home from his job as a circuit court prosecutor. His seven-year-old son’s governess informs him that she has caught Seryozha smoking. When she tried to confront Seryozha about his newfound habit, he petulantly ignored her, singing loudly to drown out her reprimands.

Yevgeny begins to assemble facts, as if preparing for a case: How old is his son? Where does he get the tobacco? When Yevgeny learns that Seryozha has been taking the tobacco from his study, he asks the governess to bring Seryozha to him so that father and son can talk. While waiting, Yevgeny weighs the situation, at first amused by the image of his young son with a cigar in mouth. However, he becomes  horrified at the thought of his son being expelled from school for smoking. He reflects on his own classmates who were expelled from school for smoking, and how their lives were considerably worse as a result. As a smoker himself, Yevgeny is unable to condemn their actions, suggesting that their punishment did not fit the crime they committed. He enjoys the comfortable, meandering nature of his thoughts at home, which is unlike the rigid and austere way of thinking...

(The entire section is 565 words.)