The Simon Commission, known as the Indian Statutory Commission, was designed to study constitutional reform in India and make recommendations to the British government.
The Government of India Act of 1919 created a system of dyarchy to govern the provinces of India. The Indian people did not like this system and wanted changes to occur. Unfortunately, the Simon Commission included no Indian people on it, even though the future of India was being discussed. This angered the people of India. The Indian National Congress and a part of the Muslin League boycotted the Simon Commission. There were protests in India about the Simon Commission.
The Simon Commission recommended ending the dyarchy system and replacing it with a system of representative government. As a result of the Simon Commission, the Government of India Act of 1935 established representative government in the Indian provinces. Provincial legislatures would have more Indian representatives, which could eventually form governments. However, the governors would still have significant powers such as calling the legislature into session.