Why was Hitler jailed in 1923–1924, how long was his sentence, how long did he serve, and what book did he write during this time?

Quick answer:

Adolf Hitler was sentenced to five years in jail for leading the Beer Hall Putsch in 1923. His book, My Struggle, sold fewer than 10,000 copies in its first year.

Expert Answers

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

Hitler tried and failed to seize power in Germany during the Beer Hall Putsch, a short-lived revolt against the German government. Germany suffered from chaotic political and economic conditions after World War I (1914–1918). There was a great deal of violence between rival political factions. One of these factions was the Nazi Party, which was led by Hitler.

Although sentenced to five years for his role in the Putsch, Hitler served only about nine months in jail. He wrote Mein Kampf (My Struggle) while imprisoned. Hitler's book laid out his ideas for lebensraum (living space), aggressive war, and the superiority of the German race. He worked assiduously to implement his plans after becoming chancellor in 1933.

After the failure of his revolt and prison sentence, Hitler decided to seek power gradually through relatively peaceful means. The German government, the Weimar Republic, was typically weak and ineffectual. Moreover, it had signed the Treaty of Versailles to end WWI, and that treaty severely punished Germany. Hitler's promise to scrap that treaty and restore German dignity attracted millions of followers. In spite of his growing popularity, Hitler probably would not have become chancellor had it not been for the Great Depression. Unemployment and poverty soared in Germany after 1929. In 1932, the Nazi Party took advantage of the situation to win a plurality of votes, and Hitler was named chancellor.

See eNotes Ad-Free

Start your 48-hour free trial to get access to more than 30,000 additional guides and more than 350,000 Homework Help questions answered by our experts.

Get 48 Hours Free Access
Approved by eNotes Editorial