Who was responsible for the Cold War?

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The Cold War was a ridiculous waste of time and money. If you look at it objectively, it's pretty embarrassing. There was no point to it. The United States and the Soviet Union called each other names, made threats and attempted to develop nuclear weapons to bomb each other out of existence. Each deserves blame.
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The development and use of the atomic bombs by the United States to end the war against Japan can also be at least partially responsible for spurring competition by the Soviets in that area as well as others.  Combined with the American and British failure at Yalta to understand Stalin's expansionist intentions and I think you can say the US and Britain share the blame for the Cold War's onset.

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I think #4 provides a balance to the other posts above. Certainly we cannot gleefully shift all blame onto Marxist ideologies. The USA emerged from World War II as a superpower that was eager to maintain its world dominance, and clearly was beginning to challenge Russian supremacy even before the end of this war.

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I think the United States has to take some of, if not all the blame in this scenario. Our need to maintain our power and our sense of ethnocentricity after WWII meant we were never to going to leave the Soviet Union alone. In addition is it the rise of nuclear weapons (which WE used in WWII) that led to the more serious nature of the cold war, always threatening to make it a "hot" one.

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If you're going to blame one person, blame Karl Marx and/or Lenin.  The Marxist-Leninist ideology can be blamed for much of the Cold War.

Marxism-Leninism holds that the whole world will eventually but inevitably become communist.  It also holds that it is important for communist countries to hurry the process along by helping other countries become communist.  The Soviet Union was built on the foundation of Marxism-Leninism.  Because of this, it had the attitude that it should spread communism across the world.  If it had been less aggressive in this way, there would have been less reason for the West to fear the Soviets and the Cold War would have been less likely to happen.

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It is difficult to say that any one person was responsible. The first person who comes to mind is Joseph Stalin, who commented at the end of World War II that the war against Fascism had ended; the war against Capitalism had begun. Stalin refused to withdraw troops from Eastern Europe and even attempted to starve out West Berlin in an attempt to take all of that city. It was only the Berlin Airlift that stopped it. Stalin's continued threats of aggression, and the Soviet's development of an Atomic Weapon led the United States to counter that development by building more arms itself. The end result was the policy of "brinksmanship," that is, going to the brink of nuclear war. For the first time in our history, the phrase "mutually assured destruction" came into vogue.

Stalin cannot bear the burden alone, however. At the Yalta Conference, Franklin Roosevelt, who was very sick, dying in fact, made a number of concessions to Stalin that he never should have made. He was intent on getting a committment from Stalin to enter the war against Japan, and believed--wrongly it turned out--that he could trust Stalin. Also, some blame must be laid at the feet of General Dwight D. Eisenhower. When the Soviets and Americans were closing in on Berlin, Eisenhower elected not to take Berlin, but let the Soviets take it instead. He said it was not strategically important. Later when he was President, he came to rue that decision.

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What country is responsible for the Cold War?

The Cold War was a ridiculous waste of time and money. If you look at it objectively, it's pretty embarrassing. There was no point to it. The United States and the Soviet Union called each other names, made threats and attempted to develop nuclear weapons to bomb each other out of existence. Each deserves blame.
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What country is responsible for the Cold War?

I would agree that both the Soviet Union and the United States need to share responsibility for the Cold War. Looking back through history you can find examples from both sides that contributed to the continuation of the Cold War over the years.

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What country is responsible for the Cold War?

Another way to look at this is that, instead of assigning blame to one side or the other, we can view it as a historical inevitability.  There were six empires during World War II:  Japan, Germany, Britain, France, the US, and the Soviet Union.  To a lesser degree, I suppose you could include Italy.

By the end of the war, Japan, Germany and Italy had been destroyed, conquered and occupied.  France was struggling to recover from 5 years of occupation by Nazi Germany, and was near the end of their imperial era, while Great Britain, even though they were on the "winning" side, was broke.

That left the Soviet Union and the US to compete on the world stage and, coincidentally or not, these two nations also had opposite and competing ideologies as well.

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What country is responsible for the Cold War?

I don't necessarily think we can blame any one country in this scenario. Certainly, both the "West" and the "East" have to be culpable to a certain extent, though who must bear most blame is probably going to be the result of an inquiry for someone's PhD thesis. Both the USSR and the USA helped escalate the conflict at various stages.

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What country is responsible for the Cold War?

I think the United States has to take some of, if not all the blame in this scenario. Our need to maintain our power and our sense of ethnocentricity after WWII meant we were never to going to leave the Soviet Union alone. In addition is it the rise of nuclear weapons (which WE used in WWII) that led to the more serious nature of the cold war, always threatening to make it a "hot" one.

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What country is responsible for the Cold War?

Pohnpei makes a good point in the previous post. Although the United States and the Soviet Union were obviously the two main culprits, it was the Germans who created the Soviet mistrust of Western Europe and its allies. 

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What country is responsible for the Cold War?

I'll blame it on Germany.  That may sound like a joke, but it's not meant that way.

The Soviets took Eastern Europe because they feared being invaded from the west.  Germany had just done this too them early in WWII.  The German invasion (along with that of Napoleon way back in the 1810s) made the Soviets really afraid of the West.

Because they feared the West, they took Eastern Europe.  Because they did that, the US feared them and the Cold War was on.  So, in a way, it was the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941 that could be blamed for the Cold War.

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What country is responsible for the Cold War?

Blame could probably be shared equally between the United States and the Soviet Union. Primary responsibility would be with the Soviets, who refused to withdraw from Eastern Europe, and planned to continue their expansion. Winston Churchill warned that "an iron curtain" had followed over Eastern Europe. In the United States, there was a second Red Scare, and the belief that the Soviets would attempt to take over here; primarily through subversion. Propaganda ran high on both sides. When the Soviets developed an Atomic Bomb, the United States went one step further and developed the Hydrogen Bomb, which the Soviets quickly duplicated. President Truman's policy of Containment--that is to prevent communism from spreading beyond the areas which it then occupied--was also a factor in the escalating tension. In the end, the entire world was separated into the two camps, East and West. Chances are it would not have happened had the Soviets not been so aggressive; yet the propaganda in the U.S. was also a substantial factor.

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