Though progress toward improving race relations in many different nations has been improving, there are still disparities that continue to present challenges for racial minorities. To answer this question, first distinguish between the terms "nation" and "country," because nations of people can reside within a country. Determine which nations of people you wish to examine in your comparison. Different countries have approached minority relations differently based, in part, on their own cultures and histories. For example, many nations of people were formed as a result of colonialism. Colonialism has been used as an instrument for racial oppression and minority enslavement. In the United States, European colonialism contributed to the oppression of Native tribal nations and persons of color. In Canada, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) declared that statistics for missing and murdered women were higher for the indigenous nations than the non-indigenous Canadian population.
Once you have identified the nations you want to compare, review the history of racial minority rights in each country. Research legislation passed to improve racial minority rights. Then, explore how that legislation has led to improvements in race relations and find out what disparities still exist. Do not forget to clearly identify specific examples for each nation and properly cite all sources.