The Copernican Revolution made lasting impacts on the worldview of Western civilization that last to this day. At first, it challenged the view that Earth, and by extension humans, are at the center of the Universe. By demonstrating that the Earth orbits the Sun, just like the other planets, people began to question established religious dogma. The discoveries of Copernicus and other scientific theorists occurred around the same time as the Reformation. Therefore, this was already a time when Europeans were challenging the Catholic hierarchy. As a result, freedom of thought expanded throughout the continent.
When Copernicus published his theories and findings, established thought underwent a shakeup. If Earth's place in the cosmos could be revised, so too could long-held notions like the Divine Right of Kings and the supremacy of the Church. As a result, more Europeans began questioning scientific, political, and religious ideas. Many even began to formulate new theories into the nature of society as a whole. Therefore, it should come as no surprise the Enlightenment Period followed closely on the heels of the Copernican Revolution. In short, the idea of divine legitimacy lost much of its power. The Church fought back by banning the writings of many scientists and philosophers. It was not until the nineteenth century that Catholic authorities finally permitted the open discussion of many of these earlier theories.
The impacts of the Copernican Revolution can be felt to this day. While religious institutions still have a lot of influence, they no longer hold the monopoly on "truth" that they once did. Scientific inquiry is promoted, or at least supported, by most educated people. The idea that long-held beliefs need periodic revising as new information is discovered has become a driver of human progress.