At the Constitutional Convention, small states and large states were divided over the issue of representation in Congress. Representatives from the large states felt that they should have more representatives in Congress than the small states because they had more people living in their states. The representatives of the small states were concerned that their voices would not be heard if the large states had more representatives.
Fortunately, a compromise was reached, called the Great Compromise, which met the needs of both sides. Congress would have two houses. In the House of Representatives, the population of a state determined the number of representatives each state had. This favored the large states, because they would have more representatives than the small states. In the Senate, each state had two senators regardless of the size of the state’s population. This favored the small states because they had the same number of senators as the large states.