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Fort Sumter was the location of the first battle of the American Civil War.  The Battle of Fort Sumter occurred after seven southern states seceded:  South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, and Louisiana.  

The Fort was located in South Carolina squarely in the territory of the newly formed Confederates States of America.  With that being said, the fort was armed by United States military personnel who were unwilling to surrendur the strategic base to the rebels without a fight.  When the Confederate states demanded that the fort be immediately evacuated, the commander in charge at Fort Sumter refused, and the battle began.  

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