What was Brazil's role in creating the United Nation's Emergency Peace Service?

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Brazil was involved at the very beginning in the creation of the United Nation's Emergency Peace Service, although its participation in UN peacekeeping activities has varied over time.

In general, UN peacekeeping missions galvanized with the 1956 Suez Crisis in the Middle East and the creation of the first UN Emergency Force (UNEF I), and so too did Brazil's participation. The UN General Assembly adopted resolution 1001 (ES-I) in November of 1956 to approve the launch of an emergency international United Nations Force. The UN General Assembly set up a peacekeeping Advisory Committee. Brazil was a member of this UN General Assembly Advisory Committee, as were Canada, Ceylon, Colombia, India, Norway, and Pakistan.

The UN notes that

Brazil has a long history of contributing to UN peacekeeping operations. Its troops currently serve in 10 UN missions globally, in locations as diverse as Darfur, Cyprus, Lebanon and Haiti. The first Brazilian peacekeepers were deployed in 1956 in one of the earliest UN missions under the UN Emergency Force to address the Suez crisis. They secured and supervised the cessation of hostilities, including the withdrawal of the armed forces of France, Israel and the United Kingdom from Egyptian territory.

Brazil’s engagement with peace operations varied somewhat over the next decades, although the nation contributed troops to places such as the Republic of the Congo, Cyprus, and the India and Pakistan border.

However, beginning in the late twentieth century and extending into present day, Brazil began to increase its engagements with UN peace operations. With the United Nations Angola Verification Mission III (UNAVEM III), Brazil deployed more than 4,000 troops to Angola.

With the UN’s deployment of a peacekeeping mission to Haiti from 2004–2017, MINUSTAH, Brazil took a leading role. Brazilian troops were in Haiti for the entire mission. Moreover, Brazil's role in MINUSTAH also led the Brazilian Justice System and academic world to focus greater attention on UN operations, according to the Igarapé Institute, which is a Brazilian independent think tank.

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