What events occurred during the French Mandate in Syria?

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The large issue into which the French Mandate fits is the breakup and partition of the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War I. One key event was the signing of the 1918 Sykes-Picot Agreement, dividing much of the Mideast between Britain and France. A later refinement was the mandate system set up by the newly established League of Nations.

The territory of Syria had also included Lebanon, Transjordan, and Palestine, which were removed. In 1920-1923, the French assumed the mandate for governance of numerous divisions within the reduced-size Syrian territory.

For the French, maintaining rule depended in part on keeping the peace among regional factions, including such divisions as Muslims and Christians, was rarely successful. One alliance led to an early instance of open revolt in 1925, when combined nationalist forces almost took over Damascus from French control. The French Mandate lasted until 1943.

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