How did Fundamentalism reflect the issues facing American society in the 1920s?

The levels of racism, movement of black people to the cities, the struggling agriculture sector, challenges to the bible (evolution), the immoral behaviour of women (flappers), huge industrial development and the surge in consumerism.

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Nice, thoughtful question.  I like it when students put some thought into the question and then ask rather than just saying "I don't get it."

Of the issues that you've identified here, I would say that the flappers, evolution, and consumerism were ones that were reflected in fundamentalism.  I would also say that you could add the general idea of people centering their lives around fun (movies, illegal drinking, jazz) was also a perceived problem that ended up being reflected in fundamentalism.  So was the impact of fairly large-scale immigration.  What all of these things have in common is that they were major changes in American society.  In the late 1800s and early 1900s, there were few labor saving devices so people had to center their lives around work.  Even if they had had time, there were few types of entertainment.

So, when technological changes brought more leisure time and things to do, it was a major change.  This change helped to bring about changes in morality.  Accompanying those were things like the increased immigration and the rise of evolution.

Fundamentalism reflects these things because it was a reaction to them or a backlash against them.  Fundamentalism is about tradition and holding on to the old ways (which you would call the proven ways if you liked them).  Therefore, fundamentalism is a reflection of a time when there is a lot of change.

So, fundamentalism reflected the issues of those times in a very important way.  The issues were centered around change and fundamentalism was a reaction to that change.

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