What is the difference between propaganda and censorship? Provide examples.

Quick answer:

Propaganda and censorship are distinct but related tools used to manipulate information and maintain power. Propaganda involves spreading misleading or biased information to promote a political cause or point of view. For example, Stalinist Russia declared every economic plan a success, regardless of actual outcomes. Censorship, however, involves suppressing dissenting opinions and controlling the flow of information, as seen when dissident voices like Havel in the Czech Republic were silenced. Both strategies distort the truth to serve those in power.

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Propaganda and censorship are two different entities, but the goal of both is to distort the truth. Both are used by the powerful as forms of control. They are employed either to reinforce existing power or to gain more power.

Propaganda gives out false or misleading information for political purposes. Propagandists often communicate only the sunny side of their cause, leaving out the grimmer realities of what they are doing. Conversely, they demonize their enemies as the epitome of evil. Propaganda, in general, tends to oversimplify the complexities of life, offering instead simplified black and white solutions that serve those in power. Propaganda is generated by those in power. For example, in Stalinist Russia, every Five-Year economic plan was deemed a success by the government, even if it was a disaster.

Censorship, on the other hand, means shutting down dissenting voices. In censorship, the powerful will not allow groups or individuals they consider a threat to speak or publish their opinions. In more repressive regimes, people are imprisoned for articulating ideas the government does not approve of. For instance, the dissident writer Havel in the Czech Republic was imprisoned by the communists for publishing his ideas about freedom in the underground press. In places like the United States, where the First Amendment safeguards freedom of speech, censorship can be more subtle. People may learn to self-censor radical ideas, for example, so as to be hired or get a promotion.

Propaganda is false or misleading information; censorship is when information or opinions are suppressed.

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Censorship and propaganda are different and have different purposes.  Censorship prohibits, such as not allowing Jewish writers to be published because they would harm the public morality. It is an act of removing or prohibiting something such as not allowing outside news to reach the public in Germany during WW II  because Hitler wanted his public to hear only the news of Germany's victories. Propaganda is designed to promote ideas or acts, to persuade people to think of an idea or action as something which will be a benefit.  In World War II, propaganda was used to persuade the German people that the Jews were to blame for Germany's defeat in WWI as well as any problems which beset the German people.  Posters, speeches and marches all promoted the idea that the Jews were worthless.  So, censorship is an act of removal and propaganda is an act of promotion or persuasion. 

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