Alabama is a U.S. state located in the Southeastern region of the country. The state is primarily inland, though a small portion of it lies along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico to the south. Alabama shares its borders with four other U.S. states. To the south, Alabama shares a border with Florida. To the east it borders Georgia, and to the west Mississippi. To the north, Alabama shares a border with Tennessee.
The state of Alabama was established in 1819. It was the 22nd U.S. state. The capital city of Alabama is Montgomery. During the Civil War, Alabama was part of the Confederate States of America. Alabama was a slave state until the end of the Civil War.
Agriculture has historically been the primary industry in the state, and it continues to be important today. Today, manufacturing and mining are other important industries.