What is the significance of the Constitutional Convention?

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The Constitutional Convention is significant because it resulted in the US Constitution, which is still used as the primary governing document of the United States. At the Convention, delegates reached several important compromises between competing factions in the country. However, they failed to find a lasting solution to slavery, which led to many problems for later generations.

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The Constitutional Convention is significant because it created the governing document of the country that is still in effect today. At the Convention, various American factions with different needs and visions were able to reach a number of compromises that ultimately united a country on the verge of falling apart.

The constitution that the Convention produced found a balance between federalism and states' rights. The previous Articles of Confederation gave too much power to the states and not enough to the national government for the country to effectively function. Many of the more hesitant delegates at the Constitutional Convention worried that a strong federal government would result in tyranny. In the end, a balance was established that provided states a satisfactory amount of autonomy but still granted the federal government enough power to function. This system of government is defined by a clear separation of powers and checks and balances to prevent any single part of the government from holding too much power. This federalist system still functions today.

The Constitutional Convention also created a compromise between small states and large states. The result is the bicameral legislature with a lower house based on population and an upper senate with equal representation from all states.

The Constitutional Convention is also significant because it failed to definitively address the issue of slavery. Many of the Convention's delegates were aware that this issue could eventually lead to conflict. Instead of solving it then and there, they put it off for future generations to deal with. This eventually resulted in a devastating civil war and generations of racial inequity.

Although the constitution created at the Constitutional Convention continues to govern the United States, it was designed with the ability to be adapted to changing times. The amendment process is a central part of what the delegates at the Convention came up with. The first ten amendments were quickly added to the document to safeguard essential American rights. Over the following two centuries, seventeen more amendments be added, building off the original framework established at the Constitutional Convention.

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