What does the term "cultural synthesis" refer to in the Hellenistic Age?

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While the Greek world prior to the conquests of Alexander had been relatively insular, Alexander and the successor empires create a Hellenistic world, using Greek language, and planting Greek poleis, in an area covering much of the Mediterranean littoral and Near and Middle East. This resulted in a pan-Hellenic paideia, synthesizing many foreign elements such as eastern mystery religions, Mesopotamian divination and astrology, and other foreign elements with a Greek culture that was expressed in widely diverse geographical regions all sharing as a lingua franca a cosmopolitan form of the Greek language known as koine and a mixture of Greek philosophical and religious ideas and artistic traditions with elements imported from other traditions.

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