Why did the Communist Party align with the Nationalist Party in China?

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You do not give any time frame for when you are talking about, so I will just guess that you are talking about what happened during World War II.  During that time, the Nationalists and the Communists formed a temporary united front against the Japanese.

During this time, the two sides were really not allies, but I suppose that you could say they were aligned with each other because they were more interested in fighting the Japanese than each other.  They still fought each other now and then during this time, but most of the time they cooperated in their attempt to get rid of the Japanese.

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