What international efforts, besides sanctions, have aimed to stop Iran's acquisition of nuclear weapons?

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Sanctions are one of the few options readily available to the world community in the United Nations to try and coerce or deter the actions of another nation.  In one form or another, Iran has been under sanctions since the 1979 revolution, to little effect besides damaging the economic realm of the citizens (as opposed to the military or the government).

But since sanctions are obviously not working, other options are being explored and likely taken.  A military raid or invasion is one of those options, but it is highly unlikely.  For one thing, it is very difficult to destroy an entire nuclear program through bombing, as we probably do not have definitive identification of all Iranian nuclear sites.  Even if successful, all the raid would do is delay the acquisition of nuclear weapons, not prevent it.  Invasion would require a huge sacrifice in blood and treasure, which the US has tolerance for neither.

So, to answer your question, all that is left are covert means of sabotaging the program Iran is pursuing.  That is in progress.  Two months ago, a computer virus miscalibrated dozens of Iranian centrifuges involved in uranium enrichment, damaging them and requiring expensive and time consuming repairs.  I would chalk that up to either Israel or the United States cyberwarfare divisions.

There have also been reports out of Iran of the deaths of leading nuclear physicists thought to be involved in their nuclear program.  No country has claimed credit for the killings, obviously, but it would be logical to assume that the intelligence agencies of the West are somehow involved.

Lastly, nations have tried, unsuccessfully, to keep Russia from selling nuclear reactor technology and aid to Iran--reactors which can produce weapons grade uranium and plutonium.

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