Baker, Thomas N. “National History in the Age of Michelet, Macaulay, and Bancroft.” In A Companion to Western Historical Thought, edited by Lloyd Kramer and Sarah Maza. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell, 2006. Describes the influence of nineteenth century nationalism on the historical works of Macaulay, Jules Michelet of France, and George Bancroft of the United States. Traces how the era’s philosophical and political thought fostered a nationalistic historiography.

Burrow, J. W. A Liberal Descent: Victorian Historians and the English Past. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1983. Defends Macaulay, who, as the most important historian of his day, reflected the historical ethos of the Victorians. Asserts that Macaulay’s work is largely unintelligible to modern readers.

Edwards, Owen Dudley. “The History of England.” In Macaulay. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1988. Thorough analysis of The History of England, particularly in relation to Macaulay’s Whig principles and his conception of the need for a work to refute Tory historians such as David Hume, John Lingard, and Archibald Alison. Good introduction for the nonspecialist.

Hamburger, Joseph. Macaulay and the Whig Tradition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1976. Suggests that scholars have stereotyped Macaulay as a Whig or liberal Whig, ignoring his position as a...

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