Heroides Additional Summary



(Critical Survey of Literature for Students)

Fulkerson, Laurel. The Ovidian Heroine as Author: Reading, Writing, and Community in the “Heroides.” New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005. Fulkerson maintains that the female letter writers in Heroides are not abandoned victims but an astute community of women who have fashioned themselves as authors who allude to, and are influenced by, their readings of the poem.

Hardie, Philip. The Cambridge Companion to Ovid. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002. Collection of essays examining the historical contexts of Ovid’s works, their reception, and the themes and literary techniques of his poetry. The numerous references to Heroides are listed in the index.

Knox, Peter E., ed. Oxford Readings in Ovid. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006. Collection of twenty influential scholarly essays published since the mid-1970’s that provide a range of interpretations of Ovid’s poetry. Duncan F. Kennedy’s paper, “The Epistolary Mode and the First of Ovid’s Heroides,” analyzes this work.

Lindheim, Sara H. Mail and Female: Epistolary Narrative and Desire in Ovid’s “Heroides.” Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2003. Lindheim applies feminist and psychoanalytic theory to explain why all of the heroines in Heroides tell their stories in a similarly disjointed fashion.

Mack, Sara. Ovid: The Grammarian and Society in Late Antiquity. Translated by Janet Lloyd. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1988. An elegant introduction to the poet that will persuade even the general reader to explore Ovid further. Presents often subtle analysis of individual passages. An intelligent, often original, and always firmly grounded study. Includes a useful bibliography.

Martindale, Charles, ed. Ovid Renewed: Ovidian Influences on Literature and Art from the Middle Ages to the Twentieth Century. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1988. Discusses the extent to which Ovid’s work permeated the European tradition of literature and the visual arts. Includes essays that trace Ovid’s influence in writers ranging from Geoffrey Chaucer to T. S. Eliot’s The Waste Land (1922).

Williams, Gareth. “Ovid’s Canace: Dramatic Irony in Heroides.” Classical Quarterly 42, no. 1 (January-July, 1992): 201-210. Analyzes the literary background of the story of Canace’s death as told by Ovid. Concludes that Ovid probably drew on Euripides’ “Aeolus.”