Bibliography

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Beach, Joseph W. The Twentieth-Century Novel: Studies in Technique. New York: Century, 1932. Conrad’s narrative style and his characterizations (especially of Kurtz) are discussed. How Conrad’s life experiences are related to the plot is hypothesized.

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Gillon, Adam. Joseph Conrad. Boston: Twayne, 1982. A book-length exploration of Conrad’s style and how his technique evolved, especially regarding the narrator, Marlowe. There is also an analytical consideration of Kurtz.

Guerard, Albert J. Conrad the Novelist. New York: Atheneum, 1958. Examines some of the autobiographical elements of the work as well as Conrad’s attitudes toward social and historical events of his time. Provides useful insights into Kurtz’s character.

Hay, Eloise K. The Political Novels of Joseph Conrad. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1963. Presents the view that Heart of Darkness is not the masterpiece critical acclaim would suggest. Explores the social events and political climate of the time to show some of the influences on the plot and style.

Watt, Ian. “Heart of Darkness.” In Conrad in the Nineteenth Century. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1979. A discussion of sources and ideological perspectives relative to Kurtz and the Victorian era. A scholarly assessment in a readable style.

Bibliography and Further Reading

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Sources

Adams, Richard. Heart of Darkness. London: Penguin, 1991.

Bloom, Harold, ed. Marlow. New York: Chelsea House, 1992.

Burden, Robert. Heart of Darkness. London: Macmillan Educational, 1991.

Clifford, Hugh. Review in The Spectator, November 29, 1902.

Conrad, Joseph. Heart of Darkness. New York: Penguin, 1999.

---. Heart of Darkness and The Secret Sharer. New York: Bantam Books, 1981.

---. The Nigger of the Narcissus. New York: Dell Publishing Company, Inc., 1960.

Dean, Leonard F., ed. Joseph Conrad's ‘‘Heart of Darkness’’: Backgrounds and Criticisms. Prentice-Hall, 1960.

Garnett, Edward. Conrad: The Critical Heritage, edited by Norman Sherry. Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1973, pp. 131-33.

Glassman, Peter J. Language and Being: Joseph Conrad and the Literature of Personality. New York: Columbia University Press, 1976.

Guerard, Albert J. Introduction to Heart of Darkness and The Secret Sharer. Signet Books/New American Library, 1950.

Guetti, James L. The Limits of Metaphor: A Study of Melville, Conrad and Faulkner. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1967.

Gurko, Leo. Joseph Conrad: Giant in Exile. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1962.

Hawkins, Hunt, and Brian Shaffer, eds. Approaches to Teaching Conrad's ‘‘Heart of Darkness’’ and ‘‘The Secret Sharer.’’ New York: Modern Language Association of America, 2002.

Hay, Eloise Knapp. The Political Novels of Joseph Conrad. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1963.

Karl, Frederick R. Joseph Conrad: The Three Lives. Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1979.

Karl, Frederick R., and Marvin Magalaner. A Reader's Guide to Twentieth-Century English Novels. New York: Octagon Books, 1984.

Leondopoulos, Jordan. Still the Moving World: Intolerance Modernism and Heart of Darkness. New York: P. Lang, 1991.

London, Bette Lynn. The Appropriated Voice: Narrative Authority in Conrad, Forster, and Woolf. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 1990.

Parry, Benita. Conrad and Imperialism. New York: Macmillan, 1983.

Pecora, Vincent P. Self and Form in Modern Narrative. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989.

Schwarz, Daniel R. Rereading Joseph Conrad. Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 2000.

Watt, Ian. Essays on Conrad. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Widmer, Kingsley. ‘‘Joseph Conrad,’’ in Concise Dictionary of British Literary Biography, Volume 5: Late Victorian and Edwardian Writers, 1890-1914. Gale Research, 1992, pp. 84-122.

Further Reading

Glassman, Peter J. Language and Being: Joseph Conrad and the Literature of Personality. Colombia University Press, 1976. Chapter 6 develops a philosophically tinged argument about the relation between language and death in Heart of Darkness.

Hay, Eloise Knapp. The Political Novels of Joseph Conrad. Chicago University Press, 1963, pp. 107-61. The author relates the political component of Heart of Darkness to its stylistic techniques.

Hewitt, Douglas. Conrad: A Reassessment. Bowes, 1952. Chapter 2 treats Heart of Darkness together with the other early tales that also have Marlow as their narrator.

Land, Stephen K. Paradox and Polarity in the Fiction of Joseph Conrad. St. Martin's Press, 1984. A 311-page book in which Stephen Land takes a critical look at several of Conrad's works, including Heart of Darkness and Nostromo. Land pays particular attention to an examination of the Conradian hero.

Meyer, Bernard. Joseph Conrad: A Psychoanalytic Biography. Princeton University Press, 1967, pp. 168-84. Chapter 9 deals with Heart of Darkness within the book's broader project of a psychoanalytic reading of the relation between Conrad's life and his fiction.

Parry, Benita. Conrad and Imperialism. Macmillan, 1983, pp. 20-39. The author develops an argument about Conrad's ambiguous relation to European colonialism. Chapter 2 treats Heart of Darkness directly.

Sherry, Norman. Conrad: The Critical Heritage. Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1973. A collection of contemporary reviews of Conrad's work. Contains ten reviews of Heart of Darkness.

Teets, Bruce E., and Helmut E. Gerber. Joseph Conrad: An Annotated Bibliography of Writings About Him. Northern Illinois University Press, 1971. An extremely useful bibliography of Conrad criticism, from contemporary reviews to later critical studies and articles.

Watts, Cedric. A Preface to Conrad. Longman, 1982. Explains the themes that recur in Conrad's work. More generally about Conrad's ideas than a reading of Heart of Darkness or any single work of his.

Media Adaptations

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  • Directed by Nicolas Roeg, Heart of Darkness was adapted for television and broadcast on TNT in 1994. The film features Tim Roth as Marlow and John Malkovich as Kurtz, and is available on cassette from Turner Home Entertainment.
  • The structure of Heart of Darkness was incorporated into Francis Ford Coppola's award-winning 1979 film Apocalypse Now, starring Marlon Brando and Martin Sheen. The insanities presented in the book as stemming from isolation in the African jungle are in the film transposed to the jungles of Vietnam. Available from Paramount Home Video.
  • Two sound recordings of Heart of Darkness exist. Both are abridged and produced on two cassettes each. One was recorded by HarperCollins in 1969, is narrated by Anthony Quayle, and runs 91 minutes. The other is a 180-minute recording, published by Penguin-High Bridge audio in 1994, with narration by David Threlfall.

For Further Reference

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Baines, Jocelyn. Joseph Conrad: A Critical Biography. New York: McGraw- Hill, 1960. A useful biography of Conrad in political, social, and personal contexts.

Beacham, Walton, ed. Research Guide to Biography and Criticism. Washington, DC: Beacham Publishing, 1985. Ready-reference capsule of the best volumes in biography and literary criticism to 1985.

Guerard, Albert J. Conrad the Novelist. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1966. A view of Conrad's place in literary history from 1875 to 1925.

Moser, Thomas. Joseph Conrad: Achievement and Decline. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1957. A pioneering and still indispensable study of Conrad's fiction as the product of a psychologist, political observer, artist, and moralist.

Najder, Zdislaw. Joseph Conrad: A Chronicle. Translated by Halina Carroll- Najder. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1983. A major scholarly biography especially authoritative on Conrad's Polish years. It addresses how Conrad attempted to create his identity through literature.

Staley, Thomas F., ed. Dictionary of Literary Biography.Vol. 34. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Contains a good general introduction works, life and times. to Conrad's

Teets, Bruce E., and Helmut E. Gerber. Joseph Conrad: An Annotated Bibliography of Writings About Him. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 1971. Contains nearly two thousand entries on Conrad dated between 1895 and 1966.

Watt, Ian. Conrad in the Nineteenth Century. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1979. An outstanding analysis of Conrad's early fiction to 1900.

Watts, Cedric. A Preface to Conrad. London: Longman's Green, 1982. A firstrate introduction for newcomers to Conrad.

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