Health Issues

Start Free Trial

What are the different types of Diabetes and what are the differences in age of onset, probable causes, symptoms, and treatments.

What are some of the damages/problem's associated with Diabetes and body organs such as the eyes, kidneys, nerves, blood vessels?                                                              

Expert Answers

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed early in life. It used to be called juvenile diabetes. In this type of diabetes the body does not produce insulin. Only 5-10% of people that have diabetes have this type. Insulin therapy is a treatment that is used for people who have Type 1 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes is the most common and millions of people have it. This type of diabetes is more common in African Americans, Latinos, and Native Americans. When people have this type of diabetes one of two things is going on. Either the body does not make enough insulin, or the cells ignore the insulin.

Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy and usually starts at about 28 weeks gestation. When a woman has gestational diabetes it means that she did not have diabetes before pregnancy but is experiencing high blood sugar levels during pregnancy. It also does not mean that she will have diabetes after pregnancy. Approximately 4% of pregnant women have gestational diabetes.

People with diabetes are at risk for developing many complications such as eye complications, foot complications, and skin complications. Eye complications include glaucoma and cataracts. Foot problems can occur due to a decrease in blood circulation. This is due to blood vessels narrowing and hardening. Neuropathy is also a major problem. Diabetes causes nerve damage. For example, a tack in the foot may not be felt and an infection could occur. Some severe diabetics have had to have amputations due to this. In addition, skin needs to be monitored for bacterial or fungal infections.

The American Diabetes Association has a wealth of information that you can use. I posted the website below.

Approved by eNotes Editorial
An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

There are few different kinds of diabetes.  You can have Type 1 Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes, and Gestational Diabetes.

Type 1 Diabetes usually develops in childhood and young adulthood. The exact cause is unknown, but most likely there is a viral or environmental trigger in genetically susceptible people that causes an immune reaction. The body's white blood cells mistakenly attack the insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells. The end result is the body is no longer able to produce insulin. 

Type 2 Diabetes commonly develops mature adults although there has been a rise in childhood Type 2 Diabetes. It develops in people who have a low activity level, poor diet, and excess fat around the waist.  Type 2 Diabetes usually develops gradually.  Excess fat has been linked with Type 2 Diabetes because fat interferes with the body's ability to use insulin.

Gestational Diabetes occurs during pregnancy.  Common risk factors are African or Hispanic ancestry, obesity, being older than 25 while pregnant, family history of diabetes, and etc.

The symptoms of diabetes are high sugar levels in the body known as hyperglycemia. Other symptoms are blurry vision,excessive thirst, fatigue, frequent urination, and hunger.

Long term complications are atherosclerosis, coronary artery disease, neuropathy, hypertension, and stroke.

Treatment includes lifestyle couseling, insuline therapy, and medication.

Approved by eNotes Editorial
An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

What are the different types of diabetes and what are the differences in age of onset, probable causes, symptoms, and treatments? 

Diabetes is generally classified as either Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 or Diabetes Mellitus Type 2.

Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 is caused due to the body's immune system destroying the insulin producing cells located in the pancreas. This was the major cause of diabetes in young people in the past and was known as Juvenile diabetes, though now a majority of people getting affected by this form of diabetes are adults.

As the body is no longer able to produce insulin, patients with this ailment have to inject artificial insulin to manage the proper utilization of the carbohydrates that they consume. This form of diabetes is not hereditary in nature and the exact cause of the illness has not been understood yet.

Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 is caused due to the pancreas producing a lesser amount of insulin than what is required by the body or the cells of the body unable to utilize the insulin in an effective manner. Type 2 diabetes in the past was only acquired by people late in their lives. The ailment has a strong hereditary link, but the present epidemic of Type 2 diabetes that has made over 90% of people in the US acquire it, is due to unhealthy food consumption, overweight, a lack of activity and other lifestyle factors.

Type 2 diabetes is treatable and can also be controlled by taking oral medication which makes the pancreas produce more insulin and allow the body to effectively utilize the insulin produced.

The symptoms of both forms of diabetes when uncontrolled start with excessive urination, thirst, excessive liquid and solid consumption, chronic tiredness, weight loss, etc. The glucose levels of patients with diabetes are very high and if they remain so for a prolonged time it can result in multiple organ failure and finally in diabetic coma.

See eNotes Ad-Free

Start your 48-hour free trial to get access to more than 30,000 additional guides and more than 350,000 Homework Help questions answered by our experts.

Get 48 Hours Free Access
Last Updated on