Literary Techniques

(Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction)

In many ways, the first three quarters of To Have and Have Not are a good adventure story complete with murder, mayhem, and brisk...

(The entire section is 880 words.)

Ideas for Group Discussions

(Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction)

Although the literary hard-boiled detective has entered the realm of cliche, the eternal divisions and have-nots in society have only become...

(The entire section is 277 words.)

Social Concerns

(Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction)

Reviewers did not much like Ernest Hemingway's novel To Have and Have Not when it was published in 1937. "[It] is a stupid and foolish...

(The entire section is 1455 words.)


(Masterpieces of American Fiction)

Benson, Jackson J., ed. New Critical Approaches to the Short Stories of Ernest Hemingway. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1990. Section 1 covers critical approaches to Hemingway’s most important long fiction; section 2 concentrates on story techniques and themes; section 3 focuses on critical interpretations of the most important stories; section 4 provides an overview of Hemingway criticism; section 5 contains a comprehensive checklist of Hemingway short fiction criticism from 1975 to 1989.

Bloom, Harold, ed. Ernest Hemingway: Modern Critical Views. New York: Chelsea House, 1985. After an introduction that considers Hemingway in relation to later criticism and to earlier American writers, includes articles by a variety of critics who treat topics such as Hemingway’s style, unifying devices, and visual techniques.

Lynn, Kenneth S. Hemingway. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1987. A shrewd, critical look at Hemingway’s life and art, relying somewhat controversially on psychological theory.

Mellow, James R. Hemingway: A Life Without Consequences. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1992. A well-informed, sensitive handling of the life and work by a seasoned biographer.

Meyers, Jeffrey. Hemingway: A Biography. New York: Harper and Row, 1985. Meyers is especially good at explaining the biographical sources of Hemingway’s fiction.

Reynolds, Michael. The Young Hemingway. Oxford, England: Blackwell, 1986. The first volume of a painstaking biography devoted to the evolution of Hemingway’s life and writing. Includes chronology and notes.

Reynolds, Michael. Hemingway: The Paris Years. Volume 2. Oxford, England: Blackwell, 1989. Includes chronology and maps.

Reynolds, Michael. Hemingway: The American Homecoming. Volume 3. Oxford, England: Blackwell, 1992. Includes chronology, maps, and notes.

Reynolds, Michael. Hemingway: The 1930s. Oxford, England: Blackwell, 1997. Volume 4 of Reynolds’s biography.

Related Titles

(Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction)

It is difficult to talk about To Have and Have Not outside the context of hard-boiled fiction, that distinctly American literary form...

(The entire section is 173 words.)


(Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction)

In 1945 Hollywood released the first film adaptation of To Have and Have Not. With a screenplay developed by William Faulkner and...

(The entire section is 638 words.)