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Analysis

The Hamlet by William Faulkner is a book that has many southern jokes and metaphors that make it humorous. Despite the humor in it, Faulkner reveals a lot of suffering and sadness, as most of his characters are poor. The story is set towards the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth century; Faulkner shows readers how black people and women were mistreated during that period. Furthermore, he focuses on themes such as antebellum aristocracy, which slowly fades away and is replaced by greedy people who are willing to exploit others for money.

The Hamlet is not a linear narrative. Instead, the author focuses on characterization and telling different stories; he later links them together. Faulkner constantly deviates from the main plot and gives in-depth descriptions of places, animals, and characters. For instance, he describes a character’s dog to the point that it stands out vividly in the story.

Places Discussed

(Critical Guide to Settings and Places in Literature)

Yoknapatawpha County

Yoknapatawpha County (YOK-nuh-puh-TAW-fuh). County in Mississippi that resembles the region in northern Mississippi where Faulkner spent most of his life. Faulkner regarded his fictitious county (of which he called himself “sole owner and proprietor”) as a microcosm of the post-Civil War South. It is suffering through the disastrous legacy of slavery and, in a larger sense, is a microcosm of the entire world, with its lust, greed, exploitation, chicanery, violence, and endless struggle for existence.

Hamlet

Hamlet. Unnamed village of about three dozen dwellings; a general store; a cotton gin; a gristmill, which also serves as a blacksmith shop; a dilapidated one-room schoolhouse; a church; a livery barn; and a small hotel. Most businesses in this community and much of the surrounding farmland belong to Will Varner.

Frenchman’s Bend

Frenchman’s Bend. Plantation that before the Civil War was a single enormous farm worked by slaves. The plantation was destroyed by General Ulysses S. Grant’s army on his way to capture Vicksburg. After the war the plantation was subdivided into small farms, many of which are worked by sharecroppers. As in many of Faulkner’s novels, The Hamlet is haunted by a sense of the dramatic contrast between the past and present.

Old Frenchman’s place

Old Frenchman’s place. Great mansion that once stood like a feudal castle over the rich farmland, symbolizing the Old South. The name of the owner has been forgotten, and it is simply called the “Old Frenchman’s place.” The estate’s land is now “parcelled out . . . into small shiftless mortgaged farms for the directors of Jefferson banks to squabble over before selling finally to Will Varner.” Over the years the illiterate, indigent farmers of Frenchman’s Bend have stripped the stately building of its fences, banisters, oak floors, and outer walls for use as firewood. At night furtive figures can be seen digging around the ruin looking for the money the Frenchman reputedly buried before fleeing from Grant’s advancing army....

(The entire section is 1,113 words.)