Hadrian Further Reading - Essay

Further Reading

(Classical and Medieval Literature Criticism)


Ish-Kishor, Sulamith. Magnificent Hadrian: A Biography of Hadrian, Emperor of Rome. N.Y.: Minton, Balsch & Company, 1935, 214 p.

Biographical work explores Hadrian's homosexual relationship with Antinous.


Cameron, Alan. “Poetae Novelli.Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 84 (1980): 127-175.

Surveys the authors who comprised the poetae novelli school of the second century a.d.

Duff, J. Wight. “Suetonius and Florus: The Reign of Hadrian.” In A Literary History of Rome in the Silver Age: From Tiberius to Hadrian, by J. Wight Duff, edited by A. M. Duff, pp. 501-03. London: Ernest Benn Limited, 1964.

Evaluates the literature written during Hadrian's rule and finds it generally lacking in merit.

Kraggerud, Egil. “Hadrian's Animula vagula: Diagnosis and Interpretation.” Symbolae Osloenses 68 (1993): 72-95.

Offers a version of Hadrian's deathbed poem with slightly amended punctuation, proposing alternate interpretations of specific words.

Murphy, Timothy. “Hadrian Bereaved.” The Hudson Review 48 (1996): 625.

Short poem inspired by Hadrian.

Perowne, Stewart. “The New Model,” “Law Reform,” and “Hadrian's Rome.” In Hadrian, pp. 67-78, 107-17. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1960.

Examines Hadrian's establishment of a civil service and his military reforms, explaining how citizens and slaves benefited from his edicts, and describes the brilliance of his architecture.

Pringsheim, Fritz. “The Legal Policy and Reforms of Hadrian.” Journal of Roman Studies 24 (1934): 141-53.

Analyzes advancements made by Hadrian in the administration of justice, including in the matters of intent, torture, and the unchanging Edict.

Toynbee, Jocelyn M. C. “Introduction: Hadrian's Imperial Idea and its Expression in Art by the Personification of Countries and Cities.” In The Hadrianic School: A Chapter in the History of Greek Art, pp. 1-6. 1934. Reprint. Rome: “L'Erma” di Bretschneider, 1967.

Explains that Hadrian used the designs of a series of coins, which represented idealized views of provinces under his empire, to help develop community pride and unanimity.

Yourcenar, Marguerite. Memoirs of Hadrian. Translated from the French by Grace Frick in collaboration with the author. New York: Farrar, Straus and Young, 1954, 313p.

Fictional narrative in the form of Hadrian's letters.