Gustavo Adolfo Martínez Zuviría Biography


(Great Authors of World Literature, Critical Edition)

Gustavo Adolfo Martínez Zuviría, known in literature as Hugo Wast (vahst), was born in Córdoba, Argentina, in 1883. While still a university student he wrote his first novel, Alegre, published in 1905. Then he went on to become a doctor of laws, in 1907, and joined the University of Santa Fe as professor of economics and sociology. Politics also attracted him, and he served several terms in the Argentine Congress. He was the longtime director of Argentina’s National Library; later he served as minister of education.{$S[A]Martínez Zuviría, Gustavo Adolfo;Wast, Hugo}{$S[A]Zuviría, Gustavo Adolfo Martínez;Wast, Hugo}

After two juvenile attempts at novel writing, he published a serious novel about unmarried love, Peach Blossom, in 1911. Afraid that the critics of Buenos Aires would scorn any work of a provincial author, he signed it with an anagram of his first name, from which he made “Hugo Wast.” The novel proved a success. During the next forty years, Wast published thirty-three books, many of them through a company that he organized. His books have appeared with Spanish and Chilean imprints in nearly three hundred editions, and nearly a million and a half copies have been sold. In addition, some seventy translations have appeared in eleven different languages.

Wast’s best-selling novel, The House of the Ravens, won for him a prize from El Ateneo in 1915. For Black Valley he won the gold medal...

(The entire section is 441 words.)