Other Literary Forms
Guillaume Apollinaire’s major importance as a writer lies in his poetry and his art criticism. He was part of a new age of experimentation in free verse and was closely involved both creatively and socially with the major figures in the Parisian avant-garde from 1905 to 1918. His literary career began in earnest in 1903 with a poem dedicated to a lost love and continued through the publication in 1910 of L’Hérésiarque et Cie. (The Heresiarch and Co., 1965), a collection of twenty-three fantastical and haunting stories that have often been compared to the writings of Edgar Allan Poe. In 1911, he brought forth his first collection of poems, Le Bestiaire (Bestiary, 1978), and, in 1913, a perceptive book about cubism. In 1916, he published a novel, Le Poète assassiné (The Poet Assassinated, 1923), and the following year, he gave a lecture that anticipated the development of Surrealism.