Last Updated on May 5, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 198
Imagine a world of lurid and sexy deception, a world where the women and men are physically attractive but cannot be trusted, a world where fortunes are easily found and easily lost, a world where anyone who works for a living is a fool, and where violence is always just...
(The entire section contains 1259 words.)
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- Critical Essays
Imagine a world of lurid and sexy deception, a world where the women and men are physically attractive but cannot be trusted, a world where fortunes are easily found and easily lost, a world where anyone who works for a living is a fool, and where violence is always just about to happen. That is the world of Jim Thompson’s novel The Grifters.
There is a plot to the novel (or at least a storyline of vividly realized scenes) that feature Roy Dillon, his mother Lilly Dillon, and his lover Moira Langtry, but the plot is not the most important aspect of Thompson’s noir classic. Instead, what matters are the feel and taste of the grifters’ world—dirty and hollow, but also addictive and alluring—and the commentary the novel makes on our own society. Published in 1963, when most of America was still living an ideal of normalcy established in the 1950s, The Grifters is lit by the neon gleam of the worst elements of the American dream. The novel’s characters move west to California, conning and manipulating others to make a fortune, but it is a desperate and, for many of them, deadly existence.
Last Updated on May 5, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 1061
The Grifters opens with Roy Dillon in action—and erring in ways that will change his life forever. He tries to con a drug store clerk into both giving him change for a twenty-dollar bill and the bill itself back. The clerk gets angry and smashes Roy in the stomach with a baseball bat. Roy manages to make it back to his room at the hotel where he lives. Once home, he talks on the phone with his lover, Moira Langtry, who comes over. After they make love, Moira starts a conversation about their future, and this starts Roy thinking about how they had met. He proposes that they leave Los Angeles for the weekend and go to La Jolla, a seaside community in San Diego, California. Moira agrees.
Roy feels sick to his stomach after Moira leaves, but he is not alone long before his mother, Lilly Dillon, arrives. Roy has not seen his mother for seven years, but she does not seem to have aged. Lilly explains that she is in Los Angeles on business. As they are talking, Roy’s stomach pain gets worse, and Lilly steps in to help him, calling an ambulance and issuing orders. While Roy is in the hospital, Lilly hires nurses to care for him once he is home.
Roy is attracted to one of the nurses, Carol Roberg, and begins a relationship with her. While Roy is recovering, Lilly spends time at the racetrack, running an extended con to launder dirty money using losing tickets. When she goes out to her car, she finds her boss, Bobo Justus, waiting for her. He has realized that she is running her own cons, which may jeopardize the cons that she is doing for him. Bobo has Lilly drive him to her apartment, where he burns her hand with a cigarette and beats her so extensively that she urinates on herself.
Meanwhile, Moira continues her grifter path through life, drinking and thinking contemptuously about those around her, remembering her past, and then sleeping with her apartment manager to pay her rent. Afterward, she tries to sell her jewelry but finds that it is all fake. She offers herself sexually to the jeweler, but he refuses.
As Carol has been taking care of Roy, they have become more and more attracted to one another. They eventually sleep together, but Roy is disgusted when he learns that she was in a concentration camp, where she was sterilized and sexually abused. He tries to cover up his thoughts and recover from his reaction, but she sees it and leaves him.
Not wanting to be in debt to his mother, Roy paid her back immediately for the nursing care, but he now goes to her to talk about Carol. They argue about how Lilly raised him, and both try to argue the other out of being a grifter. Neither thinks they have an option. Lilly implies that Roy should marry Carol, but he thinks that he has nothing to offer her because he is a grifter.
When Roy finally goes back to his day job, he finds the business in a buzz. A man named Perk Kaggs has been sent from the home office to restructure the organization, and a lot of salesmen have been fired. Kaggs is pretty brusque and does not care whom he upsets—but he likes Roy and his work, and he offers Roy a supervisory position. Roy is more threatened than pleased by this because as a supervisor he could not work his cons, and that is his life.
After trying to get back together with Carol (and failing), Roy goes to La Jolla with Moira. After they have sex, they retire to their separate rooms. Roy is feeling restless, so he goes out for a drink. After an extended drive, he finds a friendly bar. Roy has some drinks and then starts playing a punchboard and winning money. However, it turns out that another customer is a cop. He grabs Roy, searches him, and interrogates him. While he is passing the information to another authority over the phone, Roy signals the bartender, who hides the punchboard so that neither of them can be arrested for illegal gambling.
After a while, Roy is released. He drives back to the hotel where he is staying with Moira, but she is not there: she left a message with the desk clerk saying that she went to the races. Roy figures out that she for some reason went to the races to see his mother. When Moira returns, he confronts her. Moira admits she was spying on Lilly, and that she has asked friends back in Baltimore for information about Roy’s mother. She knows Roy is a con man, something he has never told her, and suggests that they would make a great team. He does not say yes or no, but on the way home, he learns her background as a grifter and turns her down.
Once back in town, Roy goes in to work. He spends all day working with Kaggs, analyzing the business’s needs, and then accepts the supervisory job. That evening, a man shows up at his door and tells him Lilly was found dead in Arizona: her cause of death was apparently suicide. Roy tries to contact Moira, but she has checked out of her apartment. Roy flies to Arizona to identify his mother’s body, but when he does not find the cigarette burn on her hand, he realizes it is really Moira.
When he gets back home, he finds Lilly in his apartment; she convinced the clerk that she was Moira. Roy makes his mother give back the cash she has stolen from his apartment. He tells her he is starting over, working a normal job, and he tries to convince her to give up grifting and get a straight job too. She is horrified, and to distract him Lilly suggests that she is not really his mother. She asks if he is attracted to her. He admits he is and then takes a drink of water to calm himself. Lilly smashes him with her heavy purse, shattering the glass and driving a large shard of it into her son’s throat. As he dies, Lilly gathers all the money that is not stained with blood and leaves.