In The Great Gatsby, what is your interpretation of Daisy's hope for her daughter to be "a beautiful little fool"?

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Pammy, Daisy's daughter, is rarely mentioned in The Great Gatsby. In fact, her name occurs only one time. Daisy may have had genuine feelings for Gatsby, but her marriage to Tom was likely born out of convenience (Tom had money) more than genuine love. This becomes clear when we learn that Tom is having an affair and Daisy is quick to rekindle a relationship with Gatsby. Daisy speaks sarcastically of her life, saying she's so sophisticated. She is aware that her life decisions have been guided by monetary concerns. She is therefore quite unhappy and a bit emotionally unstable, an upper class beauty realizing that life did not turn out the way she intended. 

Daisy claims she wants her daughter to be a fool. If Pammy follows Daisy's path, she hopes Pammy is foolish enough to be unaware of how empty her life would become. Daisy is sardonic. When she's cheerful, it seems to be an act. If she were a fool, she wouldn't be smart enough to realize how empty her life is. 

Daisy has a nurse take care of her daughter. The way she speaks to her in Chapter 7 indicates a cold, distant relationship. Daisy tells Pammy she wants to show her off. “How do you like mother’s friends?” Daisy turned her around so that she faced Gatsby. “Do you think they’re pretty?” Daisy treats Pammy (and the guests) like objects of art. 

Daisy might be a decent mother if she would be more involved in Pammy's life. Their affluent lifestyle allows them to hire a nurse, but this can often be (and here, it is) a detriment to the relationship. 

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In The Great Gatsby, why does Daisy say she wishes her daughter to be a "beautiful fool"?

Despite the fact that Daisy seems to be completely enthralled with money and the material objects that come with it, she is also completely aware of her surroundings. Even though she tries to pretend that her husband is not a violent person and that he is not having an affair, Daisy knows the truth about what is going on around her. We know this from the first time we meet Daisy – at the dinner party with Nick and Jordan in Chapter One. Daisy wishes this for her daughter because if her daughter is a “fool” she will not be able to recognize when a man is treating her poorly or cheating on her as is the case with the life that Daisy must live through everyday.

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Why does Daisy hope that her daughter will be a 'fool' in The Great Gatsby?

This is going to be an interpretation, because she doesn't really state it directly. Daisy specifically reports after this moment that

"that's the best thing a girl can be in this world... you see, I think everything's terrible now... Everybody thinks so - the most advanced people. And I know. I've been everywhere and seen everything and done everything."

I find this to be the most indicative quotes of the book about the era. Daisy has this hope for her little girl that's rather hopeless. Daisy feels as if she already knows so much about the world, that it is almost better to not know, than to know the terrible truths about man that actually exist. You have to think of what was going on in the 20s and how the extravagance and waste and inhumane treatment of people led to a great downfall. She would rather her daughter just enjoy life (that's so like a flapper) than know of the corruption and evil that exists. We come to find Daisy a character with little moral fortitude herself throughout the book, and hope that she would have wanted more for her daughter.

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