In The Great Gatsby, what does Nick mean by "reserving judgments is a matter of infinite hope"?

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Nick's father tells him to be careful not to criticise people, and Nick says that it is important to reserve judgments as it keeps you hopeful about the people you meet. Gatsby's parties are a symbol of this hope.

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As The Great Gatsby opens, Nick Carraway explains that he is kind of person who people want to confide in. He says he often has tried to sidestep these revelations from people by, for example, pretending to be asleep or cracking a joke. Nick then says that:

Reserving judgments is a matter of infinite hope.

He implies that he avoids hearing people’s secrets because he wants to retain his hope (or faith) in them. He doesn’t want to hear what will cause him to judge the other person harshly. As long as he can avoid doing that, he can think better of the person.

In a general sense, to “reserve” a judgment is to withhold it. It means not to make it, not to decide. It also carries the connotation of waiting, of letting as much time elapse as possible before making a decision or judgment about another person. In this sense, it is similar to making a dinner reservation: you will show up to eat at a restaurant, but after some time has elapsed. Nick is saying he will come to a conclusion about someone, but not until later. In the meantime, he can hope for the best from that person.

Nick’s habit of reserving judgment is opposite to the behavior of people who jump to conclusions or judgments about others on very little evidence.

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Could you please tell me what Nick means when he says in the first chapter of The Great Gatsby that "reserving judgments is a matter of infinite hope"?

This quote comes from Nick's opening introduction to the book where he tells the reader about a bit of advice his father gave him in his younger days that has stuck with him ever since:

"Whenever you feel like criticizing any one," he told me, "just remember that all the people in this world haven't had the advantages that you've had."

As a result, Nick tells the reader, he has been inclined to "reserve all judgements," and this policy with regards to meeting people has meant that he has been exposed to many "curious natures" as well as meeting a "few veteran bores." However, Nick maintains, that in spite of those "veteran bores" reserving judgements is overall a good thing, as it is a "matter of infinite hope." Nick's father's advice is all about the dangers of jumping to conclusions about people, and thus Nick begins his account of the life of Jay Gatsby by saying that this is something he tries not to do and therefore encourages the reader not to do otherwise. Reserving judgements is such a good thing because as long as people reserve judgements it means that the true wonder of characters such as Jay Gatsby, who might be written off very quickly otherwise, can be discovered and dwelled upon.

However, at the same time it is important to realise that although Nick says he lives his life by this creed, there is evidence to argue that he is actually very swift to make judgements of characters, as his presentation of the people who populate Gatsby's parties demonstrates. Reserving judgements may seem to be a symbol of "infinite hope," but it is one that the narrator himself does not entirely live by, and Nick's narration and his own partiality must therefore be closely scrutinised, particularly with regard to Nick's feelings about Jay Gatsby himself.

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