Gothic Literature

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• Suger of Saint Denis is born in Saint Denis, France.

▪ Abbot Suger of Saint Denis begins redesigning the Abbey Church of Saint-Denis in France.

• Abbot Suger of Saint Denis dies on 13 January in St. Denis, France.

C. 1163
▪ Construction of the current Cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris in France.

C. 1175
▪ Construction of the current Canterbury Cathedral in England.

C. 1194
▪ Construction of the current Cathedral of Notre Dame at Chartres (also known as Chartres Cathedral) in France.

C. 1211
▪ Construction of the current Cathedral of Notre Dame de Rheims (also known as Rheims Cathedral) in France.

▪ Construction of the Cathedral of Amiens in France.
▪ Master Elias of Dereham begins designing the Salisbury Cathedral in England.

▪ Construction of the current Westminster Abbey in London, England.

C. 1329
▪ Andrea Pisano begins his bronze sculptures for the Baptisery in Florence, Italy.

▪ Hieronymus Bosch completes the painting Tabletop of the Seven Deadly Sins.

C. 1600–01
▪ William Shakespeare's Hamlet is staged.

C. 1606
▪ William Shakespeare's Macbeth is staged.

• Horace Walpole is born on 24 September in London, England.

▪ Daniel Defoe's An Essay on the History and Reality of Apparitions is published.

• Edmund Burke is born on 12 January in Dublin, Ireland.
• Clara Reeve is born on 23 January in Ipswich, Suffolk, England.

▪ Batty and Thomas Langley's Ancient Architecture Restored and Improved is published.

• Johann Wolfgang von Goethe is born on 28 August in Frankfurt, Germany.

• Sophia Lee is born in London, England.
▪ Horace Walpole and Richard Bentley begin designing Strawberry Hill, Walpole's residence in Twickenham, England.

▪ Tobias Smollett's The Adventures of Ferdinand Count Fathom is published.

• William Godwin is born on 3 March in Wisbeach, England.

• William Blake is born on 28 November in London, England.
▪ Edmund Burke's A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful is published.

• Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller is born on 10 November in Marbach, Germany.

• William Beckford is born on 29 September in London, England.

• James Boaden is born on 23 May at White Haven in Cumberland, England.
• Joanna Baillie is born on 11 September in Bothwell, Lanarkshire, Scotland.

• Ann Radcliffe is born on 9 July in London, England.
▪ Horace Walpole's The Castle of Otranto is published.

• James Hogg is born in Ettrick, Selkirkshire, Scotland.

• Charles Brockden Brown is born on 17 January in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
• Sir Walter Scott is born on 15 August in Edinburgh, Scotland.

• Samuel Taylor Coleridge is born on 21 October in Ottery St. Mary, Devonshire, England.

▪ John Aikin and Anna Laetitia (Aikin) Barbauld's Miscellaneous Pieces in Prose, by J. and A. L. Aikin is published.

• Matthew Gregory Lewis is born on 9 July in London, England.
• Jane Austen is born on 16 December in Steventon, Hampshire, England.

• Ernst Theodor Wilhelm (later E. T. A.) Hoffmann is born on 24 January in Königsberg, Germany.

▪ Clara Reeve's The Champion of Virtue. A Gothic Story is published.

▪ Clara Reeve's The Champion of Virtue is published as The Old English Baron.

• Washington Allston is born on 5 November in South Carolina.

• Charles Robert Maturin is born on 25 September in Dublin, Ireland.

▪ Henry Fuseli completes the painting The Nightmare.


(This entire section contains 3577 words.)

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Washington Irving is born on 3 April in New York City.
▪ Sophia Lee's The Recess; or, A Tale of Other Times is published.

▪ The unauthorized translation of William Beckford's Vathek is published as An Arabian Tale.

• Lewis Nockalls Cottingham is born on 24 October at Laxfield, Suffolk, England.
▪ William Beckford's Vathek is published.

• George Gordon Noel, Lord Byron is born on 22 January in London, England.

▪ James Cobb's The Haunted Tower is produced.
▪ George Colman the Younger's The Battle of Hexham is produced.

▪ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's Faust: Ein Fragment is published.
▪ Ann Radcliffe's A Sicilian Romance is published.

▪ Ann Radcliffe's The Romance of the Forest is published.

• Percy Bysshe Shelley is born on 4 August in Field Place, Sussex, England.
▪ Mary Wollstonecraft's A Vindication of the Rights of Woman: with Strictures on Political and Moral Subjects is published.

▪ Mrs. Eliza Parsons's Castle of Wolfenbach; A German Story is published.

▪ James Boaden's Fontainville Forest is produced.
▪ J. C. Cross's The Apparition is produced.
▪ William Godwin's Things As They Are; or, The Adventures of Caleb Williams is published.
▪ Ann Radcliffe's The Mysteries of Udolpho, A Romance; Interspersed with some pieces of Poetry is published.
▪ Henry Siddons's The Sicilian Romance; or, The Apparition of the Cliff is produced.

• John William Polidori is born on 7 September in England.

▪ Marquis von Grosse's Genius (Horrid Mysteries) is published.
▪ Matthew Gregory Lewis's The Monk: A Romance is published.

• Horace Walpole dies on 2 March in London, England.
• Edmund Burke dies on 9 July in Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire, England.
• Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin (later Shelley) is born on 30 August in London, England.
▪ Matthew Gregory Lewis's The Castle Spectre: A Drama is produced.

▪ Regina Maria Roche's Children of the Abbey is published.
▪ The first volume of Joanna Baillie's A Series of Plays: In Which it is Attempted to Delineate the Stronger Passions of the Mind—Each Passion Being the Subject of a Tragedy and a Comedy is published.
▪ Charles Brockden Brown's Wieland; or, The Transformation is published.

▪ Charles Brockden Brown's Edgar Huntly; or, Memoirs of a Sleep-Walker and the first volume of Arthur Mervyn; or, Memoirs of the Year 1793 are published.

▪ Washington Allston completes the painting Tragic Figure in Chains.
▪ The second volume of Charles Brockden Brown's Arthur Mervyn; or, Memoirs of the Year 1793 is published.

▪ The second volume of Joanna Baillie's A Series of Plays: In Which it is Attempted to Delineate the Stronger Passions of the Mind—Each Passion Being the Subject of a Tragedy and a Comedy is published.

• Edward Bulwer-Lytton (Edward George Earle Lytton Bulwer) is born on 25 May in London, England.
• Thomas Lovell Beddoes is born on 30 June in Clifton, Shropshire, England.
• Alexander Jackson Davis is born on 24 July in New York City.

• Nathaniel Hawthorne is born on 4 July in Salem, Massachusetts.

• William Harrison Ainsworth is born on 4 February in Manchester, England.
• Friedrich von Schiller dies on 9 May in Weimar, Germany.

▪ Charlotte Dacre's Zofloya; or, The Moor is published.

• Clara Reeve dies on 3 December in Ipswich, Suffolk, England.

▪ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's Faust—Der Tragödie erster Teil (Faust: Part One) is published.

• Edgar Allan Poe is born on 19 January in Boston, Massachusetts.

• Charles Brockden Brown dies on 22 February in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
▪ Percy Bysshe Shelley's Zastrozzi, A Romance is published.

▪ Percy Bysshe Shelley's St. Irvyne; or, The Rosicrucian: A Romance is published.

• Charles Dickens is born on 7 February in Portsmouth, Hampshire, England.
▪ The third volume of Joanna Baillie's A Series of Plays: In Which it is Attempted to Delineate the Stronger Passions of the Mind—Each Passion Being the Subject of a Tragedy and a Comedy is published.
▪ George Gordon, Lord Byron's Childe Harold's Pilgrimage: A Romaunt is published.

▪ George Gordon, Lord Byron's The Giaour: A Fragment of a Turkish Tale is published.

• Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu is born on 28 August in Dublin, Ireland.
▪ Sir Walter Scott's Waverly; or, 'Tis Sixty Years Since is published.

• Charlotte Brontë is born on 21 April in Thornton, Yorkshire, England.
▪ George Gordon, Lord Byron's Childe Harold's Pilgrimage: Canto the Third is published.
▪ Samuel Taylor Coleridge's Christabel: Kubla Khan, a Vision; The Pains of Sleep is published.
▪ Jane Scott's The Old Oak Chest is produced.

• Jane Austen dies on 18 July in Winchester, Hampshire, England.
▪ Washington Allston begins the painting Belshazzar's Feast.
▪ George Gordon, Lord Byron's Manfred, A Dramatic Poem is published.
▪ E. T. A. Hoffmann's "Der Sandmann" ("The Sandman") is published.

• Matthew Gregory Lewis dies on 16 May during a voyage across the Atlantic Ocean from Jamaica to England.
• Emily Brontë is born on 30 July in Thornton, Yorkshire, England.
▪ Jane Austen's Northanger Abbey and Persuasion is published.
▪ Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley's Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus is published.

• Herman Melville is born on 1 August in New York City.
▪ Percy Bysshe Shelley's The Cenci is produced.
▪ Washington Irving's The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent. is published.
▪ John William Polidori's The Vampyre; a Tale is published.

▪ John Keats's Lamia, Isabella, The Eve of St. Agnes, and Other Poems is published.
▪ Charles Robert Maturin's Melmoth the Wanderer is published.

• John William Polidori commits suicide on 27 August in London, England.
▪ Thomas De Quincey's Confessions of an English Opium Eater is published.

• E. T. A. Hoffmann dies on 25 June in Berlin, Germany.
• Percy Bysshe Shelley drowns on 8 July in the Gulf of Spezia near Lerici, Italy.

• Ann Radcliffe dies on 7 February in England.
▪ Richard Brinsley Peake's Presumption; or, The Fate of Frankenstein is produced.

▪ William Wilkie Collins is born on 8 January in London, England.
• Sophia Lee dies on 13 March in Clifton, England.
• Lord Byron dies on 19 April in Cephalonia, Greece.
• Charles Robert Maturin dies on 30 October in Dublin, Ireland.
▪ Catherine Gore's The Bond, a Dramatic Poem is produced.
▪ James Hogg's The Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner is published.
▪ Washington Irving's Tales of a Traveller is published.

▪ James Fenimore Cooper's Lionel Lincoln; or, The Leaguer of Boston is published.

▪ Edward Bulwer-Lytton's Glenallan is published.

• William Blake dies on 12 August in London, England.
▪ Thomas Moore's The Epicurean. A Tale is published.

• Christina Rossetti is born on 5 December in London, England.

• Johann Wolfgang von Goethe dies on 22 March.
• Sir Walter Scott dies on 21 September in Abbotsford, Scotland.
▪ Architect Alexander Jackson Davis completes Glen Ellen, the Baltimore, Maryland residence of Robert Gilmor III.

• Samuel Taylor Coleridge dies on 25 July in England.

• James Hogg dies on 21 November in Scotland.

• William Godwin dies on 7 April in London, England.
▪ Thomas Cole completes the painting Ruined Tower.

▪ Charles Dickens's Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club is published under the pseudonym Boz.
▪ Nathaniel Hawthorne's Twice Told Tales is published.

▪ Charles Dickens's Oliver Twist is published.
▪ Edgar Allan Poe's The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym is published.

• James Boaden dies on 16 February in England.

▪ Edgar Allan Poe's Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque is published.

▪ Edward Bulwer-Lytton's Zanoni is published.
• Ambrose Bierce is born on 24 June in Horse Cave Creek, Meigs County, Ohio.

• Henry James is born on 15 April in New York City.
• Washington Allston dies on 9 July in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
▪ A. W. N. Pugin's Apology for the Revival of Christian Architecture in England is published.

• William Beckford dies on 2 May in England.

▪ Frederick Douglass's Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave is published.
▪ Edgar Allan Poe's Tales by Edgar A. Poe and The Raven and Other Poems are published.

▪ Edward Bulwer-Lytton's Lucretia; or, The Children of Night is published.
▪ Fyodor Dostoevsky's Dvoinik: Prikliucheniia gospodina Goliadkina (The Double: A Poem of St. Petersburg) is published.

• L. N. Cottingham dies on 13 October in London, England.
• Bram Stoker is born on 8 November in Clontarf, Ireland.
▪ Charlotte Brontë's Jane Eyre. An Autobiography is published under the pseudonym Currer Bell.
▪ Emily Brontë's Wuthering Heights is published under the pseudonym Ellis Bell.
Varney the Vampire; or, The Feast of Blood, written by either Thomas Peckett Prest or James Malcolm Rymer, is published.

• Emily Brontë dies on 19 December in Haworth, Yorkshire, England.
▪ Charles Dickens's The Haunted Man, and The Ghost's Bargain is published.

• Thomas Lovell Beddoes commits suicide on 26 January in Basel, Switzerland.
• Edgar Allan Poe dies on 7 October in Baltimore, Maryland.

• Robert Louis Stevenson is born on 13 November in Edinburgh, Scotland.
▪ Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter: A Romance is published.

• Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley dies on 1 February in Bournemouth, England.
• Joanna Baillie dies on 23 February in Hampstead, England.
▪ Nathaniel Hawthorne's The House of the Seven Gables, a Romance is published.
▪ Herman Melville's Moby-Dick; or, The Whale is published.

▪ Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin; or, Life among the Lowly is published.

▪ Charlotte Brontë's Villette is published under the pseudonym Currer Bell.
▪ Charles Dickens's Bleak House is published.

C. 1854
• Oscar Wilde is born on 16 October in Dublin, Ireland.

• Charlotte Brontë dies on 31 March in Haworth, Yorkshire, England.

• Sigismund Solomon Freud (later Sigmund Freud) is born on 6 May in Freiberg, Moravia, Czechoslovakia.
▪ Herman Melville's The Piazza Tales is published.

▪ Wilkie Collins's The Dead Secret is published.
▪ Charles Dickens's Little Dorrit is published.
▪ G. W. M. Reynolds's Wagner the Wehr-wolf is published.

• Washington Irving dies on 28 November in Irvington, New York.

• Charlotte Perkins Gilman is born on 3 July in Hartford, Connecticut.
▪ Wilkie Collins's The Woman in White is published.
▪ Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Marble Faun; or, The Romance of Monte Beni is published.

▪ Harriet Jacobs's Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, Written by Herself is published under the pseudonym Linda Brent.

• Edith Wharton is born on 24 January in New York City.
▪ Edward Bulwer-Lytton's A Strange Story is published.

• Nathaniel Hawthorne dies on 19 May in Plymouth, New Hampshire.
▪ Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu's Uncle Silas: A Tale of Bartram-Haugh is published.

• Charles Dickens dies on 9 June in Rochester, Kent, England.

▪ Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu's In a Glass Darkly is published.

• Edward Bulwer-Lytton dies on 18 January in Torquay, Devonshire, England.
• Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu dies on 10 February in Dublin, Ireland.

• William Harrison Ainsworth dies on 3 January.
• Bela Lugosi is born Béla Ferenc Dezsö Blask¢ on 20 October in Lugos, Hungary.

• Karen Christentze Dinesen, who later wrote under the pseudonym Isak Dinesen, is born on 17 April near Copenhagen, Denmark.

▪ Guy de Maupassant's "La Horla" ("The Horla") is published Le Gil Blas.
▪ Robert Louis Stevenson's The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde is published.

• William Henry Pratt (later Boris Karloff) is born on 23 November in London, England.

• Friedrich Wilhelm Plumpe (later F. W. Murnau) is born on 28 December in Bielefeld, Westphalia, Germany.

▪ Wilkie Collins dies on 23 September in London, England.

• Howard Phillips Lovecraft is born on 20 August in Providence, Rhode Island.
▪ Oscar Wilde's The Picture of Dorian Gray is published.

• Herman Melville dies on 28 September in New York City.
▪ Oscar Wilde's Lord Arthur Savile's Crime, and Other Stories is published.

• Alexander Jackson Davis dies on 14 January in West Orange, New Jersey.
▪ Charlotte Perkins Gilman's "The Yellow Wallpaper" is published.

• Robert Louis Stevenson dies on 3 December in Apia, Samoa.
• Christina Rossetti dies on 29 December in London, England.
▪ Arthur Machen's The Great God Pan and The Inmost Light is published.

▪ H. G. Wells's The Island of Doctor Moreau: A Possibility is published.

• William Faulkner is born on 25 September in New Albany, Mississippi.
▪ Bram Stoker's Dracula is published.

▪ Henry James's The Two Magics: The Turn of the Screw, Covering End is published.

• Elizabeth Bowen is born on 7 June in Dublin, Ireland.
• Alfred Hitchcock is born on 13 August in London, England.

• Oscar Wilde dies on 30 November in Paris, France.

▪ Arthur Machen's "The Garden of Avallaunius" is published.

▪ Algernon Blackwood's The Empty House and Other Ghosts is published.

• Daphne du Maurier is born on 12 May in London, England.
▪ George Sylvester Viereck's The House of the Vampire is published.

Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, produced by the Selig Polyscope Company, is released.

Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, produced by the Nordisk Company, is released.

▪ Gaston Leroux's Le Fantôme de L'Opéra (The Phantom of the Opera) is published.
Frankenstein, directed by J. Searle Dawley, is released.

▪ Edith Wharton's Ethan Frome is published.

• Bram Stoker dies on 20 April in London, England.

• Ambrose Bierce disappears c. 1 January in Mexico and is presumed dead.

• Henry James dies on 28 February in London, England.

• Shirley Jackson is born on 14 December in San Francisco, California.
▪ Sigmund Freud's "Das Unheimlich" ("The Uncanny") is published.

• Ray Bradbury is born on 22 August in Waukegan, Illinois.
Der Golem, wie er in die Welt kam (The Golem: How He Came into the World, directed by Carl Boese and Paul Wegener, is released.
Das Kabinett des Doktor Caligari (The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari), directed by Robert Wiene, is released.

Nosferatu, eine Symphonie des Grauens, directed by F. W. Murnau, is released.

Das Wachsfigurenkabinett (Waxworks), directed by Paul Leni and Leo Birinsky, is released.

• Edward Gorey is born on 22 February in Chicago, Illinois.
• (Mary) Flannery O'Connor is born on 25 March in Savannah, Georgia.

▪ Algernon Blackwood's The Dance of Death, and Other Tales is published.

• Ursula K. Le Guin is born on 21 October in Berkeley, California.

▪ William Faulkner's As I Lay Dying and "A Rose for Emily" are published.

• Chloe Ardelia Wofford (later Toni Morrison) is born on 18 February in Lorain, Ohio.
• F. W. Murnau dies on 11 March in Santa Barbara, California.
Dracula, directed by Tod Browning and starring Bela Lugosi in the title role, is released.
Frankenstein, directed by James Whale and starring Boris Karloff as the monster, is released.
M, directed by Fritz Lang, is released.
▪ William Faulkner's Sanctuary is published.

Murders in the Rue Morgue, directed by Robert Florey, is released.
White Zombie, directed by Victor Halperin, is released.
▪ William Faulkner's Light in August is published.

King Kong, directed by Merian C. Cooper, is released.
The Invisible Man, directed by James Whale, is released.
Island of Lost Souls, directed by Erle C. Kenton, is released.

▪ Isak Dinesen's Seven Gothic Tales is published.

• Charlotte Perkins Gilman commits suicide on 17 August in Pasadena, California.
Bride of Frankenstein, directed by James Whale, is released.

▪ Walter de la Mare's Ghost Stories is published.
▪ William Faulkner's Absalom, Absalom! is published.
▪ H. P. Lovecraft's "At the Mountains of Madness" is published.

• H. P. Lovecraft dies on 15 March in Providence, Rhode Island.
• Edith Wharton dies on 11 August in St. Bricesous-Foret, France.
▪ Edith Wharton's Ghosts is published.

• Joyce Carol Oates is born on 16 June in Lockport, New York.
▪ Daphne du Maurier's Rebecca is published.

• Sigmund Freud dies on 23 September in London, England.
• Margaret Atwood is born on 18 November in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
Son of Frankenstein, directed by Rowland V. Lee, is released.

• Angela Carter is born on 7 May in London, England.
Rebecca, directed by Alfred Hitchcock, is released.

• Howard Allen O'Brien (later Anne Rice) is born on 4 October in New Orleans, Louisiana.

I Walked with a Zombie, The Leopard Man, and The Seventh Victim, all produced by Val Lewton, are released.

The Body Snatcher, directed by Robert Wise, is released.
▪ Elizabeth Bowen's The Demon Lover, and Other Stories is published.
▪ H. P. Lovecraft's Supernatural Horror in Literature is published.

• Stephen King is born on 21 September in Portland, Maine.

▪ Shirley Jackson's The Lottery; or, The Adventures of James Harris is published.

• Clive Barker is born on 5 October in Liverpool, England.

▪ Flannery O'Connor's A Good Man Is Hard to Find is published.

• Bela Lugosi dies on 16 August in Los Angeles, California.
Invasion of the Body Snatchers, directed by Don Siegel, is released.

The Curse of Frankenstein, directed by Terence Fisher, is released.

▪ Shirley Jackson's The Haunting of Hill House is published.
The Mummy, directed by Terence Fisher, is released.
The Twilight Zone is first televised.

The Fall of the House of Usher, directed by Roger Corman, is released.
Psycho, directed by Alfred Hitchcock, is released.

• William Faulkner dies on 6 July in Byhalia, Mississippi.
• Isak Dinesen dies on 7 September in Rungsted, Denmark.

▪ Sylvia Plath's The Bell Jar is published.
The Birds, directed by Alfred Hitchcock, is released.
The Haunting, directed by Robert Wise, is released.

• Flannery O'Connor dies on 3 August in Milledgeville, Georgia.
The Addams Family is first televised.
The Munsters is first televised.

• Shirley Jackson dies on 8 August in North Bennington, Vermont.

▪ Frank Zappa and The Mothers of Invention's Freak Out! is released.

▪ Margaret Atwood's The Animals in That Country is published.
Night of the Living Dead, directed by George A. Romero, is released.
Rosemary's Baby, directed by Roman Polanski, is released.

• Boris Karloff dies on 2 February at Midhurst in Sussex, England.
▪ Led Zeppelin's first two self-titled albums are released.

▪ Black Sabbath's self-titled debut album is released.
▪ Toni Morrison's The Bluest Eye is published.
Night Gallery is first televised.

▪ Richard Matheson's Hell House is published.
▪ Alice Cooper's Killer is released.
▪ Black Sabbath's Paranoid is released.

▪ Margaret Atwood's Surfacing is published.
▪ Angela Carter's The Infernal Desire Machines of Doctor Hoffman is published.
▪ Alice Cooper's School's Out is released.

• Elizabeth Bowen dies on 22 February in London, England.
The Exorcist, directed by William Friedkin, is released.

▪ Angela Carter's Fireworks: Nine Profane Pieces is published.
The Texas Chainsaw Massacre, directed by Tobe Hooper, is released.
Young Frankenstein, directed by Mel Brooks, is released.

▪ Stephen King's 'Salem's Lot is published.
They Came from Within, directed by David Cronenberg, is released.

▪ Margaret Atwood's Lady Oracle is published.
Carrie, directed by Brian De Palma, is released.
The Omen, directed by Richard Donner, is released.
▪ Anne Rice's Interview with the Vampire is published.

▪ Stephen King's The Shining is published.
▪ Joyce Carol Oates's Night Side: Eighteen Tales is published.

Dawn of the Dead, directed by George A. Romero, is released.

▪ Bauhaus's 12-inch single "Bela Lugosi's Dead" is released.
▪ Angela Carter's The Bloody Chamber and Other Stories is published.
▪ Joy Division's Unknown Pleasures is released.
'Salem's Lot, directed by Tobe Hooper, is televised.

• Alfred Hitchcock dies on 29 April in Los Angeles, California.
▪ Joyce Carol Oates's Bellefleur is published.
The Shining, directed by Stanley Kubrick, is released.

Stephen King's Danse Macabre is published.
▪ Siouxsie and the Banshees's Juju is released.

▪ Joyce Carol Oates's A Bloodsmoor Romance is published.

▪ Stephen King's Pet Sematary is published.
▪ New Order's Power, Corruption, and Lies is released.

▪ Joyce Carol Oates's Mysteries of Winterthurn is published.

▪ Clive Barker's The Hellbound Heart is published.
▪ Siouxsie and the Banshees's Tinderbox is released.
▪ Andrew Lloyd Webber's The Phantom of the Opera is produced.

▪ Toni Morrison's Beloved is published.
▪ The Smiths's Louder than Bombs is released.

▪ Toni Morrison is awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction for Beloved.

• Daphne du Maurier dies on 19 April in Cornwall, England.
Pet Sematary, directed by Mary Lambert, is released.

Twin Peaks is first televised.

• Angela Carter dies on 16 February in London, England.
Bram Stoker's Dracula, directed by Francis Ford Coppola, is released.

▪ Margaret Atwood's The Robber Bride is published.

▪ Joyce Carol Oates's Haunted: Tales of the Grotesque is published.
Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, directed by Kenneth Branagh, is released.

▪ Margaret Atwood's Alias Grace is published.

• Edward Gorey dies on 15 April in Cape Cod, Massachusetts.
▪ Margaret Atwood's The Blind Assassin is published.


Preface (Gothic Literature)


Critical Overview