Themes and Meanings

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Last Updated on May 7, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 393

In a novel of this size and scope, a kaleidoscope of ideas illuminates every page, but the major theme is the universality of human experience. By a Hegelian dialectic, in which the clash between thesis and antithesis yields a synthesis of ideas, Hesse presents to the reader virtually all the major aesthetic disciplines embodied in one or another of Knecht’s companions. The Glass Bead Game, itself infinite in possibility, is in fact a concretization of all human activity stored in humankind’s collective memories, libraries, universities, and books. It is a metaphor for all human interaction, particularly that aspect of human study that measures accomplishment by accretion of skill, knowledge, talent, even instinct. The Game is the game of human intellectual activity, including but not limited to history, music, mathematics, literary scholarship, chess, Oriental disciplines such as the study of the I Ching and meditation, philosophy, classic studies, languages, symbolic and linguistic logic, religion, mythology, anthropology, and, most especially, the uniquely human practice of game playing.

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Woven through the fabric of all this human activity are two major threads in European intellectual history. As the narrator tells the reader, “The first of these was the liberation of thought and belief from the sway of all authority. In practice this meant the struggle of Reason, which at last felt it had come of age and won its independence....” The second thread, however, a necessary corollary to any rejection of pure faith, is “the covert but...

(The entire section contains 393 words.)

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