Examples of figurative language in chapters 4–6 of The Giver include alliteration, euphemism, and symbolism.
In chapter 4 of The Giver, Jonas volunteers at the House of Old. There are a few examples of alliteration here. An old woman walks down the hallway, and Lowry tells us "she shuffled along in her soft slippers." Here we see repetition of words that start with the letter s and the sh sound. Jonas helps to wash some of the elderly, and we see repetition again as he fills the tub and "watched as the warm water flowed in."
The old woman talks to Jonas about the release of Roberto and reflects on the ceremony of "release." This is an example of a euphemism that the community uses. Jonas even asks Larissa what happens during a release and where those people go, but she does not know, either. Later in the book, Jonas will learn what "release" really means.
A euphemism also comes up in chapter 5. When Jonas dreams about Fiona and the feeling of wanting, his mother tells him he is experiencing "the Stirrings." This is a euphemism for puberty and sexual desires that come with it. Jonas worries about the treatment, but his mother reassures him he just has to take a pill.
"No, no," she said. "It's just the pills. You're ready for the pills, that's all."
"That's all?" he asked.
"That's all," she replied.
Repetition is used here to show how Jonas's mother tries to be reassuring.
Chapter 6 shows us the start of the Ceremony, and we see a number of symbols. The community uses things like braids and bikes to symbolize age and growing up. Each new year comes with a new symbol for the children.
Repetition is also used we are told that the loss of a child is "very, very rare," alliteration is used in the phrase "midday meal," and rhyme is used as Jonas affectionately thinks of his sister as "Lily-billy."