Describe the economy and society in The Giver.

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The society and economy of The Giver is basically an oligarchy.  Everything is controlled by a committee of Elders.  The rules have been historically made by the Elders.  There is no money.  Each person’s needs are determined by the committee, and everything a person needs is delivered.  People do work, but they do not get paid.  Jobs are assigned by committee when a child turns 12, and training begins then.  Food is commonly held, and no one is allowed to hoard.  In fact, Jonas is reprimanded for taking home an apple instead of eating it or leaving it in the communal area.

The society has strict rules that are expectedly to be perfectly obeyed.  Anyone who breaks a rule three times is “Released,” a euphemism for a lethal injection.  Children are trained from an early age in precision of language, which means telling the truth and not offending anyone. 

Families are formed artificially, for the purpose of raising children.  Each family one boy and one girl, but they are not related.  A family is formed when two adults apply for partners and are paired by committee.  Then they apply for children, one at a time.  After the children are old enough they go off to live on their own and the family unit is dissolved.

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What is the economy like in The Giver?

Since the principles of society in "The Giver" are to assume a status of "Sameness" we can conclude that the economy in such society gears towards Socialism and Communism.

This said,it means that every individual will have the same amount of opportunity to achieve the same level of acquisition, and that the power in charge will dictate to extend to which this opportunity can get.

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What is the economy like in The Giver?

The main thing to know about the economy in this book is that it is completely controlled by the government and is really pretty much a communist economy.

The major thing that shows us that this is true is the way people get their careers.  They are watched by the government and then assigned to a career that seems like it would be good for them.  This is a really serious sign of government control of the economy.

In addition, there does not appear to be any money in the economy.  Everyone is equal and no one seems to need money.  (If you search the text on Google books you'll find that the word "money" never appears and "pay" only appears along with "attention.") This is similar to what communism was supposed to be like.

So, the economy in the community is totally and strictly controlled by the government.

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