Critical Context

Download PDF Print Page Citation Share Link

Last Updated on May 9, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 557

Like Francois Montaigne and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Marcel Proust and Andre Gide, Colette is a superb expositor of herself in her writing. The most important influence on her was that of her mother, Sido, whose Demeter she followed by playing Persephone. Her Sido-self became a personal version of the Garden of Eden, pure and soundly instinctual. The character of Gigi is a reincarnation of this undefiled, uninitiated stage. Significantly, the tale ends before the lovers are married—for marriage, Colette came to discover, usually is a time of trouble and disillusionment.

Illustration of PDF document

Download Gigi Study Guide

Subscribe Now

Colette’s first marriage proved to be particularly painful. It was in 1893, to a man fifteen years her senior named Henry Gauthier-Villars, whom everyone called Willy. She had fallen in love with Willy when she was seventeen; her mother never approved of him. The attraction was largely sexual, in a somewhat masochistic way: Colette was fascinated by the fantasy of becoming the willing plaything of a dissolute older man. Later, she came to distrust erotic desire as a demoniac drive that was usually fulfilled in sorrow and subjugation. Willy, while witty and erudite, soon shamed her with his cruelty, coarseness, and chronic adulteries, yet she remained with him for thirteen tormented years, during which she founded her literary career. She began by setting down thinly fictionalized accounts of her schoolgirl memories. Willy decided that they were salable. Her first novel, Claudine a l’ecole (1900; Claudine at School, 1956), became popular, so Willy ordered a series of Claudine sequels, ensuring that she would write them by locking his young wife into a room for four hours daily. Colette did not really mind: She had become addicted to writing. Nevertheless, these experiences motivated her conviction that the relationship between men and women was frequently that of jailer and prisoner.

Claudine at School is written in diary form and veers from titillating scenes of sexual provocation to relative innocence. The novel follows the autumn-to-summer cycle of one year in a girls’ school. Most of Claudine’s friends and acquaintances engage in either heterosexual or lesbian intrigues. They are, like all adolescents, troubled by the awakening demands of their senses. Claudine, however, refrains...

(The entire section contains 557 words.)

Unlock This Study Guide Now

Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this Gigi study guide. You'll get access to all of the Gigi content, as well as access to more than 30,000 additional guides and more than 350,000 Homework Help questions answered by our experts.

  • Summary
  • Themes
  • Characters
  • Critical Essays
  • Analysis
Start your 48-Hour Free Trial